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Versions: (draft-bierman-netconf-yang-patch) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 RFC 8072

Network Working Group                                         A. Bierman
Internet-Draft                                                 YumaWorks
Intended status: Standards Track                            M. Bjorklund
Expires: May 26, 2017                                     Tail-f Systems
                                                               K. Watsen
                                                        Juniper Networks
                                                       November 22, 2016


                         YANG Patch Media Type
                    draft-ietf-netconf-yang-patch-14

Abstract

   This document describes a method for applying patches to
   configuration datastores using data defined with the YANG data
   modeling language.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on May 26, 2017.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of




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   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
       1.1.1.  NETCONF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
       1.1.2.  HTTP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       1.1.3.  YANG  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       1.1.4.  RESTCONF  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       1.1.5.  YANG Patch  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       1.1.6.  Examples  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       1.1.7.  Tree Diagram Notations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   2.  YANG Patch  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     2.1.  Target Resource . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     2.2.  yang-patch Request  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     2.3.  yang-patch-status Response  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     2.4.  Target Data Node  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     2.5.  Edit Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     2.6.  Successful Edit Response Handling . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     2.7.  Error Handling  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     2.8.  yang-patch RESTCONF Capability  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   3.  YANG Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   4.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     4.1.  YANG Module Registry  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     4.2.  Media Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
       4.2.1.  Media Type application/yang-patch+xml . . . . . . . .  21
       4.2.2.  Media Type application/yang-patch+json  . . . . . . .  23
     4.3.  RESTCONF Capability URNs  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
   6.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
   Appendix A.  Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
   Appendix B.  Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     B.1.  v12 to v13  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     B.2.  v11 to v12  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     B.3.  v10 to v11  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     B.4.  v09 to v10  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     B.5.  v08 to v09  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     B.6.  v07 to v08  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     B.7.  v06 to v07  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     B.8.  v05 to v06  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     B.9.  v04 to v05  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     B.10. v03 to v04  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
     B.11. v02 to v03  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
     B.12. v01 to v02  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
     B.13. v00 to v01  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
     B.14. bierman:yang-patch-00 to ietf:yang-patch-00 . . . . . . .  31



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   Appendix C.  Open Issues  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
   Appendix D.  Example YANG Module  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
     D.1.  YANG Patch Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  32
       D.1.1.  Add Resources: Error  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  32
       D.1.2.  Add Resources: Success  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  36
       D.1.3.  Insert list entry example . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  38
       D.1.4.  Move list entry example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  40
       D.1.5.  Edit datastore resource example . . . . . . . . . . .  41
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  43

1.  Introduction

   There is a need for standard mechanisms to patch datastores defined
   in [RFC6241], which contain conceptual data that conforms to schema
   specified with YANG [RFC7950].  An "ordered edit list" approach is
   needed to provide RESTCONF client developers with more precise
   RESTCONF client control of the edit procedure than existing
   mechanisms found in [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf].

   This document defines a media type for a YANG-based editing mechanism
   that can be used with the HTTP PATCH method [RFC5789].  YANG Patch is
   designed to support the RESTCONF protocol, defined in
   [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf].  This document only specifies the use of
   the YANG Patch media type with the RESTCONF protocol.

   It may be possible to use YANG Patch with other protocols besides
   RESTCONF.  This is outside the scope of this document.  For any
   protocol which supports the YANG Patch media type, if the entire
   patch document cannot be successfully applied, then the server MUST
   NOT apply any of the changes.  It may be possible to use YANG Patch
   with datastore types other than a configuration datastore.  This is
   outside the scope of this document.

1.1.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

1.1.1.  NETCONF

   The following terms are defined in [RFC6241]:

   o  configuration data

   o  datastore

   o  configuration datastore



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   o  protocol operation

   o  running configuration datastore

   o  state data

   o  user

1.1.2.  HTTP

   The following terms are defined in [RFC7230]:

   o  header field

   o  message-body

   o  query

   o  request URI

   The following terms are defined in [RFC7231]:

   o  method

   o  request

   o  resource

1.1.3.  YANG

   The following terms are defined in [RFC7950]:

   o  container

   o  data node

   o  leaf

   o  leaf-list

   o  list

   o  RPC operation (now called protocol operation)








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1.1.4.  RESTCONF

   The following terms are defined in [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf]:

   o  application/yang-data+xml

   o  application/yang-data+json

   o  data resource

   o  datastore resource

   o  patch

   o  RESTCONF capability

   o  target resource

   o  YANG data template

1.1.5.  YANG Patch

   The following terms are used within this document:

   o  RESTCONF client: a client which implements the RESTCONF protocol.

   o  RESTCONF server: a server which implements the RESTCONF protocol.

   o  YANG Patch: a conceptual edit request using the "yang-patch" YANG
      Patch template, defined in Section 3.  In HTTP, refers to a PATCH
      method where a representation uses either the media type
      "application/yang-patch+xml" or "application/yang-patch+json".

   o  YANG Patch Status: a conceptual edit status response using the
      YANG "yang-patch-status" YANG data template, defined in Section 3.
      In HTTP, refers to a response message for a PATCH method, where it
      has a representation with either the media type "application/
      yang-data+xml" or "application/yang-data+json".

   o  YANG Patch template: this is similar to a YANG data template,
      except it has a representation with the media type "application/
      yang-patch+xml" or "application/yang-patch+json".

1.1.6.  Examples

   Some protocol message lines within examples throughout the document
   are split into multiple lines for display purposes only.  When a line
   ends with backslash ('\') as the last character, the line is wrapped



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   for display purposes.  It is to be considered to be joined to the
   next line by deleting the backslash, the following line break, and
   the leading whitespace of the next line.

1.1.7.  Tree Diagram Notations

   A simplified graphical representation of the data model is used in
   this document.  The meaning of the symbols in these diagrams is as
   follows:

   o  Brackets "[" and "]" enclose list keys.

   o  Abbreviations before data node names: "rw" means configuration
      data (read-write), "ro" state data (read-only), and "x" operation
      resource (executable)

   o  Symbols after data node names: "?" means an optional node and "*"
      denotes a "list" and "leaf-list".

   o  Parentheses enclose choice and case nodes, and case nodes are also
      marked with a colon (":").

   o  Ellipsis ("...") stands for contents of subtrees that are not
      shown.

2.  YANG Patch

   A "YANG Patch" is an ordered list of edits that are applied to the
   target datastore by the RESTCONF server.  The specific fields are
   defined in the YANG module in Section 3.

   The YANG Patch operation is invoked by the RESTCONF client by sending
   a PATCH method request with a representation using either the
   "application/yang-patch+xml" or "application/yang-patch+json" media
   type.  This message-body representing the YANG Patch input parameters
   MUST be present.

   YANG Patch has some features that are not possible with the PATCH
   method in RESTCONF:

   o  YANG Patch allows multiple sub-resources to be edited within the
      same PATCH method.

   o  YANG Patch allows more precise edit operations than RESTCONF.
      There are 7 operations supported (create, delete, insert, merge,
      move, replace, remove).





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   o  YANG Patch uses an edit list with an explicit processing order.
      The edits are processed in client-specified order, and error
      processing can be precise even when multiple errors occur in the
      same patch request.

   The YANG Patch "patch-id" may be useful for debugging, and SHOULD be
   present in any audit audit logging records generated by the RESTCONF
   server for a patch.

   The RESTCONF server MUST return the Accept-Patch header field in an
   OPTIONS response, as specified in [RFC5789], which includes the media
   type for YANG Patch.  This is needed by a client to determine the
   message encoding formats supported by the server (e.g., XML, JSON, or
   both).  An example is shown in Figure 1.

    Accept-Patch: application/yang-patch+xml,application/yang-patch+json


                 Figure 1: Example Accept-Patch header

   Note that YANG Patch can only edit data resources.  The PATCH method
   cannot be used to replace the datastore resource.  Although the
   "ietf-yang-patch" YANG module is written using YANG version 1.1
   [RFC7950], an implementation of YANG Patch can be used with content
   defined in YANG version 1 [RFC6020] as well.

   A YANG Patch can be encoded in XML format according to
   [W3C.REC-xml-20081126].  It can also be encoded in JSON, according to
   "JSON Encoding of Data Modeled with YANG" [RFC7951].  If any meta-
   data needs to be sent in a JSON message, it is encoded according to
   "Defining and Using Metadata with YANG" [RFC7952].

2.1.  Target Resource

   The YANG Patch operation uses the RESTCONF target resource URI to
   identify the resource that will be patched.  This can be the
   datastore resource itself, i.e., "{+restconf}/data", to edit top-
   level configuration data resources, or it can be a configuration data
   resource within the datastore resource, e.g., "{+restconf}/data/
   ietf-interfaces:interfaces", to edit sub-resources within a top-level
   configuration data resource.

   The target resource MUST identify exactly one resource instance.  If
   more than one resource instance is identified, then the request MUST
   NOT be processed, and a "400 Bad Request" error response MUST be sent
   by the server.  If the target resource does not identify any existing
   resource instance then the request MUST NOT be processed, and a "404
   Not Found" error response MUST be sent by the server.



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   Each edit with a YANG Patch identifies a target data node for the
   associated edit.  This is described in Section 2.4.

2.2.  yang-patch Request

   A YANG patch is optionally identified by a unique "patch-id" and it
   may have an optional comment.  A patch is an ordered collection of
   edits.  Each edit is identified by an "edit-id" and it has an edit
   operation (create, delete, insert, merge, move, replace, remove) that
   is applied to the target resource.  Each edit can be applied to a
   sub-resource "target" within the target resource.  If the operation
   is "insert" or "move", then the "where" parameter indicates how the
   node is inserted or moved.  For values "before" and "after", the
   "point" parameter specifies the data node insertion point.

   The merge, replace, create, delete, and remove edit operations have
   the exact same meaning as defined for the "operation" attribute in
   section 7.2 of [RFC6241].

   Each edit within a YANG Patch MUST identify exactly one data resource
   instance.  If an edit represents more than one resource instance,
   then the request MUST NOT be processed, and a "400 Bad Request" error
   response MUST be sent by the server.  If the edit does not identify
   any existing resource instance, and the operation for the edit is not
   "create", then the request MUST NOT be processed, and a "404 Not
   Found" error response MUST be sent by the server.  A
   "yang-patch-status" response MUST be sent by the server identifying
   the edit(s) that are not valid.

   YANG Patch does not provide any access to specific datastores.  It is
   an implementation detail how a server processes an edit if it is co-
   located with a NETCONF server that does provide access to individual
   datastores.  A complete datastore cannot be replaced in the same
   manner as provided by the "copy-config" operation defined in section
   7.3 of [RFC6241].  Only the specified nodes in a YANG Patch are
   affected.

   A message-body representing the YANG Patch is sent by the RESTCONF
   client to specify the edit operation request.  When used with the
   HTTP PATCH method, this data is identified by the YANG Patch media
   type.

   YANG tree diagram for "yang-patch" Container








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     +---- yang-patch
           +---- patch-id    string
           +---- comment?    string
           +---- edit* [edit-id]
              +---- edit-id      string
              +---- operation    enumeration
              +---- target       target-resource-offset
              +---- point?       target-resource-offset
              +---- where?       enumeration
              +---- value?

2.3.  yang-patch-status Response

   A message-body representing the YANG Patch Status is returned to the
   RESTCONF client to report the detailed status of the edit operation.
   When used with the HTTP PATCH method, this data is identified by the
   YANG Patch Status media type, and the syntax specification is defined
   in Section 3.

   YANG tree diagram for "yang-patch-status" Container:































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     +---- yang-patch-status
           +---- patch-id       string
           +---- (global-status)?
           |  +--:(global-errors)
           |  |  +---- errors
           |  |     +---- error*
           |  |        +---- error-type       enumeration
           |  |        +---- error-tag        string
           |  |        +---- error-app-tag?   string
           |  |        +---- error-path?      instance-identifier
           |  |        +---- error-message?   string
           |  |        +---- error-info?
           |  +--:(ok)
           |     +---- ok?            empty
           +---- edit-status
              +---- edit* [edit-id]
                 +---- edit-id    string
                 +---- (edit-status-choice)?
                    +--:(ok)
                    |  +---- ok?        empty
                    +--:(errors)
                       +---- errors
                          +---- error*
                             +---- error-type       enumeration
                             +---- error-tag        string
                             +---- error-app-tag?   string
                             +---- error-path?      instance-identifier
                             +---- error-message?   string
                             +---- error-info?

2.4.  Target Data Node

   The target data node for each edit operation is determined by the
   value of the target resource in the request and the "target" leaf
   within each "edit" entry.

   If the target resource specified in the request URI identifies a
   datastore resource, then the path string in the "target" leaf is
   treated as an absolute path expression identifying the target data
   node for the corresponding edit.  The first node specified in the
   "target" leaf is a top-level data node defined within a YANG module.
   The "target" leaf MUST NOT contain a single forward slash "/", since
   this would identify the datastore resource, not a data resource.

   If the target resource specified in the request URI identifies a
   configuration data resource, then the path string in the "target"
   leaf is treated as a relative path expression.  The first node
   specified in the "target" leaf is a child configuration data node of



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   the data node associated with the target resource.  If the "target"
   leaf contains a single forward slash "/", then the target data node
   is the target resource data node.

2.5.  Edit Operations

   Each YANG patch edit specifies one edit operation on the target data
   node.  The set of operations is aligned with the NETCONF edit
   operations, but also includes some new operations.

   +-----------+-------------------------------------------------------+
   | Operation | Description                                           |
   +-----------+-------------------------------------------------------+
   | create    | create a new data resource if it does not already     |
   |           | exist or error                                        |
   | delete    | delete a data resource if it already exists or error  |
   | insert    | insert a new user-ordered data resource               |
   | merge     | merge the edit value with the target data resource;   |
   |           | create if it does not already exist                   |
   | move      | re-order the target data resource                     |
   | replace   | replace the target data resource with the edit value  |
   | remove    | remove a data resource if it already exists           |
   +-----------+-------------------------------------------------------+

                        YANG Patch Edit Operations

2.6.  Successful Edit Response Handling

   If a YANG Patch is completed without errors, the RESTCONF server MUST
   return a "yang-patch-status" message with a global-status choice set
   to 'ok'.

   The RESTCONF server will save the running datastore to non-volatile
   storage if it supports non-volatile storage, and if the running
   datastore contents have changed, as specified in
   [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf].

   Refer to Appendix D.1.2 for a example of a successful YANG Patch
   response.

2.7.  Error Handling

   If a well-formed, schema-valid YANG Patch message is received, then
   the RESTCONF server will process the supplied edits in ascending
   order.  The following error modes apply to the processing of this
   edit list:





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   If a YANG Patch is completed with errors, the RESTCONF server SHOULD
   return a "yang-patch-status" message.  It is possible (e.g., within a
   distributed implementation), that an invalid request will be rejected
   before the YANG patch edits are processed.  In this case, the server
   MUST send the appropriate HTTP error response instead.

   Refer to Appendix D.1.1 for a example of an error YANG Patch
   response.

2.8.  yang-patch RESTCONF Capability

   A URI is defined to identify the YANG Patch extension to the base
   RESTCONF protocol.  If the RESTCONF server supports the YANG Patch
   media type, then the "yang-patch" RESTCONF capability defined in
   Section 4.3 MUST be present in the "capability" leaf-list in the
   "ietf-restconf-monitoring" module defined in
   [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf].

3.  YANG Module

   The "ietf-yang-patch" module defines conceptual definitions with the
   'yang-data' extension statements, which are not meant to be
   implemented as datastore contents by a RESTCONF server.

   The "ietf-restconf" module from [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf] is used
   by this module for the 'yang-data' extension definition.

   RFC Ed.: update the date below with the date of RFC publication and
   remove this note.

   <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-yang-patch@2016-11-09.yang"

  module ietf-yang-patch {
    yang-version 1.1;
    namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-yang-patch";
    prefix "ypatch";

    import ietf-restconf { prefix rc; }

    organization
      "IETF NETCONF (Network Configuration) Working Group";

    contact
      "WG Web:   <http://tools.ietf.org/wg/netconf/>
       WG List:  <mailto:netconf@ietf.org>

       Author:   Andy Bierman
                 <mailto:andy@yumaworks.com>



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       Author:   Martin Bjorklund
                 <mailto:mbj@tail-f.com>

       Author:   Kent Watsen
                 <mailto:kwatsen@juniper.net>";

    description
      "This module contains conceptual YANG specifications
       for the YANG Patch and YANG Patch Status data structures.

       Note that the YANG definitions within this module do not
       represent configuration data of any kind.
       The YANG grouping statements provide a normative syntax
       for XML and JSON message encoding purposes.

       Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
       authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

       Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
       without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
       to the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License
       set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
       Relating to IETF Documents
       (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

       This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see
       the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

    // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove this
    // note.

    // RFC Ed.: remove this note
    // Note: extracted from draft-ietf-netconf-yang-patch-14.txt

    // RFC Ed.: update the date below with the date of RFC publication
    // and remove this note.
    revision 2016-11-09 {
      description
        "Initial revision.";
      reference
        "RFC XXXX: YANG Patch Media Type.";
    }

    typedef target-resource-offset {
      type string;
      description
        "Contains a data resource identifier string representing
         a sub-resource within the target resource.



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         The document root for this expression is the
         target resource that is specified in the
         protocol operation (e.g., the URI for the PATCH request).

         This string is encoded according the same rules as
         a data resource identifier in a RESTCONF Request URI.";

    // RFC Ed.: replace "draft-ietf-netconf-restconf" below
    // with RFC XXXX, where XXXX is the number of the RESTCONF RFC,
    // and remove this note.

      reference
         "draft-ietf-netconf-restconf, section 3.5.3";
    }

    rc:yang-data "yang-patch" {
      uses yang-patch;
    }

    rc:yang-data "yang-patch-status" {
      uses yang-patch-status;
    }

    grouping yang-patch {

      description
        "A grouping that contains a YANG container
         representing the syntax and semantics of a
         YANG Patch edit request message.";

      container yang-patch {
        description
          "Represents a conceptual sequence of datastore edits,
           called a patch. Each patch is given a client-assigned
           patch identifier. Each edit MUST be applied
           in ascending order, and all edits MUST be applied.
           If any errors occur, then the target datastore MUST NOT
           be changed by the patch operation.

           YANG datastore validation is performed before any edits
           have been applied to the running datastore.

           It is possible for a datastore constraint violation to occur
           due to any node in the datastore, including nodes not
           included in the edit list. Any validation errors MUST
           be reported in the reply message.";

        reference



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          "RFC 7950, section 8.3.";

        leaf patch-id {
          type string;
          mandatory true;
          description
            "An arbitrary string provided by the client to identify
             the entire patch.  Error messages returned by the server
             pertaining to this patch will be identified by this
             patch-id value. A client SHOULD attempt to generate
             unique patch-id values to distinguish between transactions
             from multiple clients in any audit logs maintained
             by the server.";
        }

        leaf comment {
          type string;
          description
            "An arbitrary string provided by the client to describe
             the entire patch.  This value SHOULD be present in any
             audit logging records generated by the server for the
             patch.";
        }

        list edit {
          key edit-id;
          ordered-by user;

          description
            "Represents one edit within the YANG Patch
             request message.  The edit list is applied
             in the following manner:

               - The first edit is conceptually applied to a copy
                 of the existing target datastore, e.g., the
                 running configuration datastore.
               - Each ascending edit is conceptually applied to
                 the result of the previous edit(s).
               - After all edits have been successfully processed,
                 the result is validated according to YANG constraints.
               - If successful, the server will attempt to apply
                 the result to the target datastore. ";

          leaf edit-id {
            type string;
            description
              "Arbitrary string index for the edit.
               Error messages returned by the server pertaining



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               to a specific edit will be identified by this
               value.";
          }

          leaf operation {
            type enumeration {
              enum create {
                description
                  "The target data node is created using the supplied
                   value, only if it does not already exist. The
                   'target' leaf identifies the data node to be created,
                   not the parent data node.";
              }
              enum delete {
                description
                  "Delete the target node, only if the data resource
                   currently exists, otherwise return an error.";
              }
              enum insert {
                description
                  "Insert the supplied value into a user-ordered
                   list or leaf-list entry. The target node must
                   represent a new data resource. If the 'where'
                   parameter is set to 'before' or 'after', then
                   the 'point' parameter identifies the insertion
                   point for the target node.";
              }
              enum merge {
                description
                  "The supplied value is merged with the target data
                   node.";
              }
              enum move {
                description
                  "Move the target node. Reorder a user-ordered
                   list or leaf-list. The target node must represent
                   an existing data resource. If the 'where' parameter
                   is set to 'before' or 'after', then the 'point'
                   parameter identifies the insertion point to move
                   the target node.";
              }
              enum replace {
                description
                  "The supplied value is used to replace the target
                   data node.";
              }
              enum remove {
                description



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                  "Delete the target node if it currently exists.";
              }
            }
            mandatory true;
            description
              "The datastore operation requested for the associated
               edit entry";
          }

          leaf target {
            type target-resource-offset;
            mandatory true;
            description
              "Identifies the target data node for the edit
               operation. If the target has the value '/', then
               the target data node is the target resource.
               The target node MUST identify a data resource,
               not the datastore resource.";
          }

          leaf point {
            when "(../operation = 'insert' or ../operation = 'move') "
               + "and (../where = 'before' or ../where = 'after')" {
              description
                "Point leaf only applies for insert or move
                 operations, before or after an existing entry.";
            }
            type target-resource-offset;
            description
              "The absolute URL path for the data node that is being
               used as the insertion point or move point for the
               target of this edit entry.";
          }

          leaf where {
            when "../operation = 'insert' or ../operation = 'move'" {
              description
                "Where leaf only applies for insert or move
                 operations.";
            }
            type enumeration {
              enum before {
                description
                  "Insert or move a data node before the data resource
                   identified by the 'point' parameter.";
              }
              enum after {
                description



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                  "Insert or move a data node after the data resource
                   identified by the 'point' parameter.";
              }
              enum first {
                description
                  "Insert or move a data node so it becomes ordered
                   as the first entry.";
              }
              enum last {
                description
                  "Insert or move a data node so it becomes ordered
                   as the last entry.";
              }
            }
            default last;
            description
              "Identifies where a data resource will be inserted or
               moved. YANG only allows these operations for
               list and leaf-list data nodes that are ordered-by
               user.";
          }

          anydata value {
            when "../operation = 'create' "
               + "or ../operation = 'merge' "
               + "or ../operation = 'replace' "
               + "or ../operation = 'insert'" {
              description
                "Value node only used for create, merge,
                 replace, and insert operations";
            }
            description
              "Value used for this edit operation.  The anydata 'value'
               contains the target resource associated with the
               'target' leaf.

               For example, suppose the target node is a YANG container
               named foo:

                   container foo {
                     leaf a { type string; }
                     leaf b { type int32; }
                   }

               The 'value' node contains one instance of foo:

                   <value>
                      <foo xmlns='example-foo-namespace'>



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                         <a>some value</a>
                         <b>42</b>
                      </foo>
                   </value>
                ";
          }
        }
      }

    } // grouping yang-patch


    grouping yang-patch-status {

      description
        "A grouping that contains a YANG container
         representing the syntax and semantics of
         YANG Patch status response message.";

      container yang-patch-status {
        description
          "A container representing the response message
           sent by the server after a YANG Patch edit
           request message has been processed.";

        leaf patch-id {
          type string;
          description
            "The patch-id value used in the request.
             If there was no patch-id present in the request
             then this field will not be present.";
        }

        choice global-status {
          description
            "Report global errors or complete success.
             If there is no case selected then errors
             are reported in the edit-status container.";

          case global-errors {
            uses rc:errors;
            description
              "This container will be present if global
               errors that are unrelated to a specific edit
               occurred.";
          }
          leaf ok {
            type empty;



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            description
              "This leaf will be present if the request succeeded
               and there are no errors reported in the edit-status
               container.";
          }
        }

        container edit-status {
          description
            "This container will be present if there are
             edit-specific status responses to report.
             If all edits succeeded and the 'global-status'
             returned  is 'ok', then a server MAY omit this
             container";

          list edit {
            key edit-id;

            description
              "Represents a list of status responses,
               corresponding to edits in the YANG Patch
               request message.  If an edit entry was
               skipped or not reached by the server,
               then this list will not contain a corresponding
               entry for that edit.";

            leaf edit-id {
              type string;
               description
                 "Response status is for the edit list entry
                  with this edit-id value.";
            }
            choice edit-status-choice {
              description
                "A choice between different types of status
                 responses for each edit entry.";
              leaf ok {
                type empty;
                description
                  "This edit entry was invoked without any
                   errors detected by the server associated
                   with this edit.";
              }
              case errors {
                uses rc:errors;
                description
                  "The server detected errors associated with the
                    edit identified by the same edit-id value.";



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              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }  // grouping yang-patch-status

  }

   <CODE ENDS>

4.  IANA Considerations

4.1.  YANG Module Registry

   This document registers one URI as a namespace in the IETF XML
   registry [RFC3688].  Following the format in RFC 3688, the following
   registration is requested to be made.

         URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-yang-patch
         Registrant Contact: The NETCONF WG of the IETF.
         XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.

   This document registers one YANG module in the YANG Module Names
   registry [RFC6020].

         name:         ietf-yang-patch
         namespace:    urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-yang-patch
         prefix:       ypatch
         // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with RFC number and remove this note
         reference:    RFC XXXX

4.2.  Media Types

4.2.1.  Media Type application/yang-patch+xml

      Type name: application

      Subtype name: yang-patch+xml

      Required parameters: None

      Optional parameters: None

     // RFC Ed.: replace 'XXXX' with the real RFC number,
     // and remove this note

      Encoding considerations: 8-bit



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         The utf-8 charset is always used for this type.
         Each conceptual YANG data node is encoded according to the
         XML Encoding Rules and Canonical Format for the specific
         YANG data node type defined in [RFC7950].
         In addition, the "yang-patch" YANG Patch template found
         in [RFCXXXX] defines the structure of a YANG Patch request.

     // RFC Ed.: replace 'NN' in Section NN of [RFCXXXX] with the
     // section number for Security Considerations
     // Replace 'XXXX' in Section NN of [RFCXXXX] with the actual
     // RFC number, and remove this note.

      Security considerations: Security considerations related
         to the generation and consumption of RESTCONF messages
         are discussed in Section NN of [RFCXXXX].
         Additional security considerations are specific to the
         semantics of particular YANG data models. Each YANG module
         is expected to specify security considerations for the
         YANG data defined in that module.

     // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove this
     // note.

      Interoperability considerations: [RFCXXXX] specifies the format
         of conforming messages and the interpretation thereof.

     // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove this
     // note.

      Published specification: RFC XXXX

      Applications that use this media type: Instance document
        data parsers used within a protocol or automation tool
        that utilize the YANG Patch data structure.

      Fragment identifier considerations: Same as for application/xml

      Additional information:

        Deprecated alias names for this type: N/A
        Magic number(s): N/A
        File extension(s): None
        Macintosh file type code(s): "TEXT"

     // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove this
     // note.

      Person & email address to contact for further information: See



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         Authors' Addresses section of [RFCXXXX].

      Intended usage: COMMON

      Restrictions on usage: N/A

     // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove this
     // note.

      Author: See Authors' Addresses section of [RFCXXXX].

      Change controller: Internet Engineering Task Force
         (mailto:iesg&ietf.org).

      Provisional registration? (standards tree only): no

4.2.2.  Media Type application/yang-patch+json

      Type name: application

      Subtype name: yang-patch+json

      Required parameters: None

      Optional parameters: None

     // RFC Ed.: replace draft-ietf-netmod-yang-json with
     // the actual RFC reference for JSON Encoding of YANG Data,
     //  and remove this note.

     // RFC Ed.: replace draft-ietf-netmod-yang-metadata with
     // the actual RFC reference for JSON Encoding of YANG Data,
     //  and remove this note.

     // RFC Ed.: replace 'XXXX' with the real RFC number,
     // and remove this note

      Encoding considerations: 8-bit
         The utf-8 charset is always used for this type.
         Each conceptual YANG data node is encoded according to
         [draft-ietf-netmod-yang-json]. A data annotation is
         encoded according to [draft-ietf-netmod-yang-metadata]
         In addition, the "yang-patch" YANG Patch template found
         in [RFCXXXX] defines the structure of a YANG Patch request.

     // RFC Ed.: replace 'NN' in Section NN of [RFCXXXX] with the
     // section number for Security Considerations
     // Replace 'XXXX' in Section NN of [RFCXXXX] with the actual



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     // RFC number, and remove this note.

      Security considerations: Security considerations related
         to the generation and consumption of RESTCONF messages
         are discussed in Section NN of [RFCXXXX].
         Additional security considerations are specific to the
         semantics of particular YANG data models. Each YANG module
         is expected to specify security considerations for the
         YANG data defined in that module.

     // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove this
     // note.

      Interoperability considerations: [RFCXXXX] specifies the format
         of conforming messages and the interpretation thereof.

     // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove this
     // note.

      Published specification: RFC XXXX

      Applications that use this media type: Instance document
        data parsers used within a protocol or automation tool
        that utilize the YANG Patch data structure.

      Fragment identifier considerations: The syntax and semantics
         of fragment identifiers are the same as specified for the
        "application/json" media type.

      Additional information:

        Deprecated alias names for this type: N/A
        Magic number(s): N/A
        File extension(s): None
        Macintosh file type code(s): "TEXT"

     // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove this
     // note.

      Person & email address to contact for further information: See
         Authors' Addresses section of [RFCXXXX].

      Intended usage: COMMON

      Restrictions on usage: N/A

     // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove this
     // note.



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      Author: See Authors' Addresses section of [RFCXXXX].

      Change controller: Internet Engineering Task Force
         (mailto:iesg&ietf.org).

      Provisional registration? (standards tree only): no

4.3.  RESTCONF Capability URNs

   This document registers one capability identifier in "RESTCONF
   Protocol Capability URNs" registry

     Index
        Capability Identifier
     ------------------------

     :yang-patch
         urn:ietf:params:restconf:capability:yang-patch:1.0

5.  Security Considerations

   The YANG Patch media type does not introduce any significant new
   security threats, beyond what is described in
   [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf].  This document defines edit processing
   instructions for a variant of the PATCH method, as used within the
   RESTCONF protocol.  Message integrity is provided by the RESTCONF
   protocol.  There is no additional capability to validate that a patch
   has not been altered.

   It may be possible to use YANG Patch with other protocols besides
   RESTCONF, which is outside the scope of this document.

   For RESTCONF, both the client and server MUST be authenticated,
   according to section 2 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf].  It is
   important for RESTCONF server implementations to carefully validate
   all the edit request parameters in some manner.  If the entire YANG
   Patch request cannot be completed, then no configuration changes to
   the system are done.  A PATCH request MUST be applied atomically, as
   specified in section 2 of [RFC5789].

   A RESTCONF server implementation SHOULD attempt to prevent system
   disruption due to incremental processing of the YANG Patch edit list.
   It may be possible to construct an attack on such a RESTCONF server,
   which relies on the edit processing order mandated by YANG Patch.  A
   server SHOULD apply only the fully validated configuration to the
   underlying system.  For example, an edit list which deleted an
   interface and then recreated it could cause system disruption if the
   edit list was incrementally applied.



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   A RESTCONF server implementation SHOULD attempt to prevent system
   disruption due to excessive resource consumption required to fulfill
   YANG Patch edit requests.  It may be possible to construct an attack
   on such a RESTCONF server, which attempts to consume all available
   memory or other resource types.

6.  Normative References

   [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf]
              Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF
              Protocol", draft-ietf-netconf-restconf-18 (work in
              progress), October 2016.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.

   [RFC5789]  Dusseault, L. and J. Snell, "PATCH Method for HTTP",
              RFC 5789, March 2010.

   [RFC6020]  Bjorklund, M., "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for the
              Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020,
              October 2010.

   [RFC6241]  Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed.,
              and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol
              (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, June 2011.

   [RFC7159]  Bray, T., Ed., "The JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Data
              Interchange Format", RFC 7159, DOI 10.17487/RFC7159, March
              2014, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7159>.

   [RFC7230]  Fielding, R., Ed. and J. Reschke, Ed., "Hypertext Transfer
              Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Message Syntax and Routing",
              RFC 7230, DOI 10.17487/RFC7230, June 2014,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7230>.

   [RFC7231]  Fielding, R. and J. Reschke, "Hypertext Transfer Protocol
              (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Content", RFC 7231, June 2014.

   [RFC7950]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language",
              RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, August 2016,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7950>.





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   [RFC7951]  Lhotka, L., "JSON Encoding of Data Modeled with YANG",
              RFC 7951, DOI 10.17487/RFC7951, August 2016,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7951>.

   [RFC7952]  Lhotka, L., "Defining and Using Metadata with YANG",
              RFC 7952, DOI 10.17487/RFC7952, August 2016,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7952>.

   [W3C.REC-xml-20081126]
              Yergeau, F., Maler, E., Paoli, J., Sperberg-McQueen, C.,
              and T. Bray, "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Fifth
              Edition)", World Wide Web Consortium Recommendation REC-
              xml-20081126, November 2008,
              <http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-xml-20081126>.

Appendix A.  Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thank the following people for their
   contributions to this document: Rex Fernando.

   Contributions to this material by Andy Bierman are based upon work
   supported by the The Space & Terrestrial Communications Directorate
   (S&TCD) under Contract No.  W15P7T-13-C-A616.  Any opinions, findings
   and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are
   those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of
   The Space & Terrestrial Communications Directorate (S&TCD).

Appendix B.  Change Log

       -- RFC Ed.: remove this section before publication.

   The YANG Patch issue tracker can be found here: https://github.com/
   netconf-wg/yang-patch/issues

B.1.  v12 to v13

   o  clarifications based on IESG reviews

B.2.  v11 to v12

   o  clarify target resource must exist

   o  fix errors in some examples

   o  change application/yang-patch-xml to application/yang-patch+xml

   o  clarified some section titles




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   o  clarified error responses for multiple edit instances

   o  made patch-id field mandatory

   o  referenced NETCONF operation attribute

B.3.  v10 to v11

   o  change application/yang-patch to application/yang-patch-xml

   o  change server to RESTCONF server and remove NETCONF server term

   o  change client to RESTCONF client and remove NETCONF client term

   o  clarified that YANG 1.0 content can be used in a YANG Patch
      implementation

   o  clarified more terminology

   o  fixed missing keys in edit examples

   o  added insert list example

B.4.  v09 to v10

   o  change yang-patch+xml to yang-patch

   o  clarify application/yang-patch+json media type

   o  add edit datastore example

   o  change data-resource-offset typedef so it is consistent for XML
      and JSON

B.5.  v08 to v09

   o  change RFC 7158 reference to RFC 7159 reference

   o  change RFC 2616 reference to RFC 7230 reference

   o  remove unused HTTP terms

   o  remove import-by-revision of ietf-restconf; not needed

   o  change application/yang.patch media type to application/yang-patch

   o  remove application/yang.patch-status media type; use application/
      yang-data instead



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B.6.  v07 to v08

   o  clarified target datastore and target data node terms

   o  clarified that target leaf can be single forward slash '/'

   o  added Successful edit response handling section

   o  clarified that YANG Patch draft is for RESTCONF protocol only but
      may be defined for other protocols outside this document

   o  clarified that YANG Patch draft is for configuration datastores
      only but may be defined for other datastore types outside this
      document

   o  fixed typos

B.7.  v06 to v07

   o  converted YANG module to YANG 1.1

   o  changed anyxml value to anydata value

   o  updated import revision date for ietf-restconf

   o  updated revision date for ietf-yang-patch because import-by-
      revision date needed to be changed

B.8.  v05 to v06

   o  changed errors example so a full request and error response is
      shown in XML format

   o  fixed error-path to match instance-identifier encoding for both
      XML and JSON

   o  added references for YANG to JSON and YANG Metadata drafts

   o  clarified that YANG JSON drafts are used for encoding, not plain
      JSON

B.9.  v04 to v05

   o  updated reference to RESTCONF







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B.10.  v03 to v04

   o  removed NETCONF specific text

   o  changed data-resource-offset typedef from a relative URI to an
      XPath absolute path expression

   o  clarified insert operation

   o  removed requirement that edits MUST be applied in ascending order

   o  change SHOULD keep datastore unchanged on error to MUST (this is
      required by HTTP PATCH)

   o  removed length restriction on 'comment' leaf

   o  updated YANG tree for example-jukebox library

B.11.  v02 to v03

   o  added usage of restconf-media-type extension to map the yang-patch
      and yang-patch-status groupings to media types

   o  added yang-patch RESTCONF capability URI

   o  Added sub-section for terms used from RESTCONF

   o  filled in security considerations section

B.12.  v01 to v02

   o  Reversed order of change log

   o  Clarified anyxml structure of "value" parameter within a YANG
      patch request (github issue #1)

   o  Updated RESTCONF reference

   o  Added note to open issues section to check github instead

B.13.  v00 to v01

   o  Added text requiring support for Accept-Patch header field, and
      removed 'Identification of YANG Patch capabilities' open issue.

   o  Removed 'location' leaf from yang-patch-status grouping





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   o  Removed open issue 'Protocol independence' because the location
      leaf was removed.

   o  Removed open issue 'RESTCONF coupling' because there is no concern
      about a normative reference to RESTCONF.  There may need to be a
      YANG 1.1 mechanism to allow protocol template usage (instead of
      grouping wrapper).

   o  Removed open issue 'Is the delete operation needed'.  It was
      decided that both delete and remove should remain as operations
      and clients can choose which one to use.  This is not an
      implementation burden on the server.

   o  Removed open issue 'global-errors needed'.  It was decided that
      they are needed as defined because the global <ok/> is needed and
      the special key value for edit=global error only allows for 1
      global error.

   o  Removed open issue 'Is location leaf needed'.  It was decided that
      it is not needed so this leaf has been removed.

   o  Removed open issue 'Bulk editing support in yang-patch-status'.
      The 'location' leaf has been removed so this issue is no longer
      applicable.

   o  Removed open issue 'Edit list mechanism'.  Added text to the
      'edit' list description-stmt about how the individual edits must
      be processed.  There is no concern about duplicate edits which
      cause intermediate results to be altered by subsequent edits in
      the same edit list.

B.14.  bierman:yang-patch-00 to ietf:yang-patch-00

   o  Created open issues section

Appendix C.  Open Issues

       -- RFC Ed.: remove this section before publication.

   Refer to the github issue tracker for any open issues:

   https://github.com/netconf-wg/yang-patch/issues

Appendix D.  Example YANG Module

   The example YANG module used in this document represents a simple
   media jukebox interface.  The "example-jukebox" YANG module is
   defined in [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf].



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   YANG tree diagram for "example-jukebox" Module:

      +--rw jukebox!
         +--rw library
         |  +--rw artist* [name]
         |  |  +--rw name     string
         |  |  +--rw album* [name]
         |  |     +--rw name     string
         |  |     +--rw genre?   identityref
         |  |     +--rw year?    uint16
         |  |     +--rw admin
         |  |     |  +--rw label?              string
         |  |     |  +--rw catalogue-number?   string
         |  |     +--rw song* [name]
         |  |        +--rw name        string
         |  |        +--rw location    string
         |  |        +--rw format?     string
         |  |        +--rw length?     uint32
         |  +--ro artist-count?   uint32
         |  +--ro album-count?    uint32
         |  +--ro song-count?     uint32
         +--rw playlist* [name]
         |  +--rw name           string
         |  +--rw description?   string
         |  +--rw song* [index]
         |     +--rw index    uint32
         |     +--rw id       leafref
         +--rw player
            +--rw gap?   decimal64

     rpcs:

      +---x play
         +--ro input
            +--ro playlist       string
            +--ro song-number    uint32

D.1.  YANG Patch Examples

   This section includes RESTCONF examples.  Most examples are shown in
   JSON encoding [RFC7159], and some are shown in XML encoding
   [W3C.REC-xml-20081126].

D.1.1.  Add Resources: Error

   The following example shows several songs being added to an existing
   album.  Each edit contains one song.  The first song already exists,
   so an error will be reported for that edit.  The rest of the edits



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   were not attempted, since the first edit failed.  The XML encoding is
   used in this example.

   Request from the RESTCONF client:















































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      PATCH /restconf/data/example-jukebox:jukebox/\
         library/artist=Foo%20Fighters/album=Wasting%20Light HTTP/1.1
      Host: example.com
      Accept: application/yang-data+xml
      Content-Type: application/yang-patch+xml

      <yang-patch xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-yang-patch">
        <patch-id>add-songs-patch</patch-id>
        <edit>
          <edit-id>edit1</edit-id>
          <operation>create</operation>
          <target>/song=Bridge%20Burning</target>
          <value>
            <song xmlns="http://example.com/ns/example-jukebox">
              <name>Bridge Burning</name>
              <location>/media/bridge_burning.mp3</location>
              <format>MP3</format>
              <length>288</length>
            </song>
          </value>
        </edit>
        <edit>
          <edit-id>edit2</edit-id>
          <operation>create</operation>
          <target>/song=Rope</target>
          <value>
            <song xmlns="http://example.com/ns/example-jukebox">
              <name>Rope</name>
              <location>/media/rope.mp3</location>
              <format>MP3</format>
              <length>259</length>
            </song>
          </value>
        </edit>
        <edit>
          <edit-id>edit3</edit-id>
          <operation>create</operation>
          <target>/song=Dear%20Rosemary</target>
          <value>
            <song xmlns="http://example.com/ns/example-jukebox">
              <name>Dear Rosemary</name>
              <location>/media/dear_rosemary.mp3</location>
              <format>MP3</format>
              <length>269</length>
            </song>
          </value>
        </edit>
      </yang-patch>



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   XML Response from the RESTCONF server:

      HTTP/1.1 409 Conflict
      Date: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Server: example-server
      Last-Modified: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Content-Type: application/yang-data+xml

      <yang-patch-status
         xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-yang-patch">
        <patch-id>add-songs-patch</patch-id>
        <edit-status>
          <edit>
             <edit-id>edit1</edit-id>
             <errors>
                <error>
                   <error-type>application</error-type>
                   <error-tag>data-exists</error-tag>
                   <error-path
                     xmlns:jb="http://example.com/ns/example-jukebox">
                     /jb:jukebox/jb:library
                     /jb:artist[jb:name='Foo Fighters']
                     /jb:album[jb:name='Wasting Light']
                     /jb:song[jb:name='Burning Light']
                   </error-path>
                   <error-message>
                     Data already exists, cannot be created
                   </error-message>
                </error>
             </errors>
          </edit>
       </edit-status>
     </yang-patch-status>

   JSON Response from the RESTCONF server:

   The following response is shown in JSON format to highlight the
   difference in the "error-path" object encoding.  For JSON, the
   instance-identifier encoding in the "JSON Encoding of YANG Data"
   draft is used.











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      HTTP/1.1 409 Conflict
      Date: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Server: example-server
      Last-Modified: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Content-Type: application/yang-data+json

      {
        "ietf-yang-patch:yang-patch-status" : {
          "patch-id" : "add-songs-patch",
          "edit-status" : {
            "edit" : [
              {
                "edit-id" : "edit1",
                "errors" : {
                  "error" : [
                    {
                      "error-type": "application",
                      "error-tag": "data-exists",
                      "error-path": "/example-jukebox:jukebox/library\
                         /artist[name='Foo Fighters']\
                         /album[name='Wasting Light']\
                         /song[name='Burning Light']",
                      "error-message":
                        "Data already exists, cannot be created"
                    }
                  ]
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }

D.1.2.  Add Resources: Success

   The following example shows several songs being added to an existing
   album.

   o  Each of 2 edits contains one song.

   o  Both edits succeed and new sub-resources are created

   Request from the RESTCONF client:








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      PATCH /restconf/data/example-jukebox:jukebox/\
         library/artist=Foo%20Fighters/album=Wasting%20Light \
         HTTP/1.1
      Host: example.com
      Accept: application/yang-data+json
      Content-Type: application/yang-patch+json

      {
        "ietf-yang-patch:yang-patch" : {
          "patch-id" : "add-songs-patch-2",
          "edit" : [
            {
              "edit-id" : "edit1",
              "operation" : "create",
              "target" : "/song=Rope",
              "value" : {
                "song" : [
                  {
                    "name" : "Rope",
                    "location" : "/media/rope.mp3",
                    "format" : "MP3",
                    "length" : 259
                  }
                ]
              }
            },
            {
              "edit-id" : "edit2",
              "operation" : "create",
              "target" : "/song=Dear%20Rosemary",
              "value" : {
                "song" : [
                  {
                    "name" : "Dear Rosemary",
                    "location" : "/media/dear_rosemary.mp3",
                    "format" : "MP3",
                    "length" : 269
                  }
                ]
              }
            }
          ]
        }
      }

   Response from the RESTCONF server:





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      HTTP/1.1 200 OK
      Date: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Server: example-server
      Last-Modified: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Content-Type: application/yang-data+json

      {
        "ietf-yang-patch:yang-patch-status" : {
          "patch-id" : "add-songs-patch-2",
          "ok" : [null]
        }
      }

D.1.3.  Insert list entry example

   The following example shows a song being inserted within an existing
   playlist.  Song "6" in playlist "Foo-One" is being inserted after
   song "5" in the playlist.  The operation succeeds, so a non-error
   reply example can be shown.
































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    Request from the RESTCONF client:

      PATCH /restconf/data/example-jukebox:jukebox/\
        playlist=Foo-One HTTP/1.1
      Host: example.com
      Accept: application/yang-data+json
      Content-Type: application/yang-patch+json

      {
        "ietf-yang-patch:yang-patch" : {
          "patch-id" : "move-song-patch",
          "comment" : "Insert song 6 after song 5",
          "edit" : [
            {
              "edit-id" : "edit1",
              "operation" : "insert",
              "target" : "/song=6",
              "point" : "/song=5",
              "where" : "after",
              "value" : {
                "example-jukebox:song" : [
                  {
                    "name" : "Dear Prudence",
                    "location" : "/media/dear_prudence.mp3",
                    "format" : "MP3",
                    "length" : 236
                  }
                ]
              }
            }
          ]
        }
      }

    Response from the RESTCONF server:

      HTTP/1.1 200 OK
      Date: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Server: example-server
      Last-Modified: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Content-Type: application/yang-data+json

      {
        "ietf-yang-patch:yang-patch-status" : {
          "patch-id" : "move-song-patch",
          "ok" : [null]
        }
      }



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D.1.4.  Move list entry example

   The following example shows a song being moved within an existing
   playlist.  Song "1" in playlist "Foo-One" is being moved after song
   "3" in the playlist.  Note that no "value" parameter is needed for a
   "move" operation.  The operation succeeds, so a non-error reply
   example can be shown.

   Request from the RESTCONF client:

      PATCH /restconf/data/example-jukebox:jukebox/\
        playlist=Foo-One HTTP/1.1
      Host: example.com
      Accept: application/yang-data+json
      Content-Type: application/yang-patch+json

      {
        "ietf-yang-patch:yang-patch" : {
          "patch-id" : "move-song-patch",
          "comment" : "Move song 1 after song 3",
          "edit" : [
            {
              "edit-id" : "edit1",
              "operation" : "move",
              "target" : "/song=1",
              "point" : "/song=3",
              "where" : "after"
            }
          ]
        }
      }

   Response from the RESTCONF server:

      HTTP/1.1 200 OK
      Date: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Server: example-server
      Last-Modified: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Content-Type: application/yang-data+json

      {
        "ietf-restconf:yang-patch-status" : {
          "patch-id" : "move-song-patch",
          "ok" : [null]
        }
      }





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D.1.5.  Edit datastore resource example

   The following example shows how 3 top-level data nodes from different
   modules can be edited at the same time.

   Example module "foo" defines leaf X.  Example module "bar" defines
   container Y, with child leafs A and B.  Example module "baz" defines
   list Z, with key C and child leafs D and E.

   Request from the RESTCONF client:









































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      PATCH /restconf/data HTTP/1.1
      Host: example.com
      Accept: application/yang-data+json
      Content-Type: application/yang-patch+json

      {
        "ietf-yang-patch:yang-patch" : {
          "patch-id" : "datastore-patch-1",
          "comment" : "Edit 3 top-level data nodes at once",
          "edit" : [
            {
              "edit-id" : "edit1",
              "operation" : "create",
              "target" : "/foo:X",
              "value" : {
                "foo:X" : 42
              }
            },
            {
              "edit-id" : "edit2",
              "operation" : "merge",
              "target" : "/bar:Y",
              "value" : {
                "bar:Y" : {
                  "A" : "test1",
                  "B" : 99
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "edit-id" : "edit3",
              "operation" : "replace",
              "target" : "/baz:Z=2",
              "value" : {
                "baz:Z" : [
                  {
                    "C" : 2,
                    "D" : 100,
                    "E" : false
                  }
                ]
              }
            }
          ]
        }
      }

   Response from the RESTCONF server:



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      HTTP/1.1 200 OK
      Date: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:02:20 GMT
      Server: example-server
      Last-Modified: Mon, 23 Apr 2012 13:01:20 GMT
      Content-Type: application/yang-data+json

      {
        "ietf-yang-patch:yang-patch-status" : {
          "patch-id" : "datastore-patch-1",
          "ok" : [null]
        }
      }

Authors' Addresses

   Andy Bierman
   YumaWorks

   Email: andy@yumaworks.com


   Martin Bjorklund
   Tail-f Systems

   Email: mbj@tail-f.com


   Kent Watsen
   Juniper Networks

   Email: kwatsen@juniper.net




















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