draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-17.txt   draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-18.txt 
IPWAVE Working Group J. Jeong, Ed. IPWAVE Working Group J. Jeong, Ed.
Internet-Draft Sungkyunkwan University Internet-Draft Sungkyunkwan University
Intended status: Informational July 28, 2020 Intended status: Informational July 29, 2020
Expires: January 29, 2021 Expires: January 30, 2021
IPv6 Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem IPv6 Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem
Statement and Use Cases Statement and Use Cases
draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-17 draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-18
Abstract Abstract
This document discusses the problem statement and use cases of This document discusses the problem statement and use cases of
IPv6-based vehicular networking for Intelligent Transportation IPv6-based vehicular networking for Intelligent Transportation
Systems (ITS). The main scenarios of vehicular communications are Systems (ITS). The main scenarios of vehicular communications are
vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and
vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications. First, this document vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications. First, this document
explains use cases using V2V, V2I, and V2X networking. Next, for explains use cases using V2V, V2I, and V2X networking. Next, for
IPv6-based vehicular networks, it makes a gap analysis of current IPv6-based vehicular networks, it makes a gap analysis of current
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Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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4.1. Vehicular Network Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.1. Vehicular Network Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
4.2. V2I-based Internetworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.2. V2I-based Internetworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.3. V2V-based Internetworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 4.3. V2V-based Internetworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
5. Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 5. Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
5.1. Neighbor Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 5.1. Neighbor Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5.1.1. Link Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 5.1.1. Link Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.1.2. MAC Address Pseudonym . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 5.1.2. MAC Address Pseudonym . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
5.1.3. Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 5.1.3. Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
5.2. Mobility Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 5.2. Mobility Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
7. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 7. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Appendix A. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 8. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Appendix B. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Appendix A. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Appendix B. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
Vehicular networking studies have mainly focused on improving safety Vehicular networking studies have mainly focused on improving safety
and efficiency, and also enabling entertainment in vehicular and efficiency, and also enabling entertainment in vehicular
networks. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the US networks. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the US
allocated wireless channels for Dedicated Short-Range Communications allocated wireless channels for Dedicated Short-Range Communications
(DSRC) [DSRC] in the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) with (DSRC) [DSRC] in the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) with
the frequency band of 5.850 - 5.925 GHz (i.e., 5.9 GHz band). DSRC- the frequency band of 5.850 - 5.925 GHz (i.e., 5.9 GHz band). DSRC-
based wireless communications can support vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), based wireless communications can support vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V),
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virtual bogus vehicles, and register them with IP-RSUs and MA. This virtual bogus vehicles, and register them with IP-RSUs and MA. This
registration makes the IP-RSUs and MA waste their resources. The IP- registration makes the IP-RSUs and MA waste their resources. The IP-
RSUs and MA need to determine whether a vehicle is genuine or bogus RSUs and MA need to determine whether a vehicle is genuine or bogus
in mobility management. Also, the confidentiality of control packets in mobility management. Also, the confidentiality of control packets
and data packets among IP-RSUs and MA, the E2E paths (e.g., tunnels) and data packets among IP-RSUs and MA, the E2E paths (e.g., tunnels)
need to be protected by secure communication channels. In addition, need to be protected by secure communication channels. In addition,
to prevent bogus IP-RSUs and MA from interfering with the IPv6 to prevent bogus IP-RSUs and MA from interfering with the IPv6
mobility of vehicles, mutual authentication among them needs to be mobility of vehicles, mutual authentication among them needs to be
performed by certificates (e.g., TLS certificate). performed by certificates (e.g., TLS certificate).
7. Informative References 7. IANA Considerations
This document does not require any IANA actions.
8. Informative References
[Automotive-Sensing] [Automotive-Sensing]
Choi, J., Va, V., Gonzalez-Prelcic, N., Daniels, R., R. Choi, J., Va, V., Gonzalez-Prelcic, N., Daniels, R., R.
Bhat, C., and R. W. Heath, "Millimeter-Wave Vehicular Bhat, C., and R. W. Heath, "Millimeter-Wave Vehicular
Communication to Support Massive Automotive Sensing", Communication to Support Massive Automotive Sensing",
IEEE Communications Magazine, December 2016. IEEE Communications Magazine, December 2016.
[Bitcoin] Nakamoto, S., "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash [Bitcoin] Nakamoto, S., "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash
System", URL: https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf, May 2009. System", URL: https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf, May 2009.
[CA-Cruise-Control] [CA-Cruise-Control]
California Partners for Advanced Transportation Technology California Partners for Advanced Transportation Technology
(PATH), "Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control", [Online] (PATH), "Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control", Available:
Available:
http://www.path.berkeley.edu/research/automated-and- http://www.path.berkeley.edu/research/automated-and-
connected-vehicles/cooperative-adaptive-cruise-control, connected-vehicles/cooperative-adaptive-cruise-control,
2017. 2017.
[CASD] Shen, Y., Jeong, J., Oh, T., and S. Son, "CASD: A [CASD] Shen, Y., Jeong, J., Oh, T., and S. Son, "CASD: A
Framework of Context-Awareness Safety Driving in Vehicular Framework of Context-Awareness Safety Driving in Vehicular
Networks", International Workshop on Device Centric Cloud Networks", International Workshop on Device Centric Cloud
(DC2), March 2016. (DC2), March 2016.
[CBDN] Kim, J., Kim, S., Jeong, J., Kim, H., Park, J., and T. [CBDN] Kim, J., Kim, S., Jeong, J., Kim, H., Park, J., and T.
skipping to change at page 31, line 22 skipping to change at page 31, line 22
[EU-2008-671-EC] [EU-2008-671-EC]
European Union, "Commission Decision of 5 August 2008 on European Union, "Commission Decision of 5 August 2008 on
the Harmonised Use of Radio Spectrum in the 5875 - 5905 the Harmonised Use of Radio Spectrum in the 5875 - 5905
MHz Frequency Band for Safety-related Applications of MHz Frequency Band for Safety-related Applications of
Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)", EU 2008/671/EC, Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)", EU 2008/671/EC,
August 2008. August 2008.
[FirstNet] [FirstNet]
U.S. National Telecommunications and Information U.S. National Telecommunications and Information
Administration (NTIA), "First Responder Network Authority Administration (NTIA), "First Responder Network Authority
(FirstNet)", [Online] (FirstNet)", Available: https://www.firstnet.gov/, 2012.
Available: https://www.firstnet.gov/, 2012.
[FirstNet-Report] [FirstNet-Report]
First Responder Network Authority, "FY 2017: ANNUAL REPORT First Responder Network Authority, "FY 2017: ANNUAL REPORT
TO CONGRESS, Advancing Public Safety Broadband TO CONGRESS, Advancing Public Safety Broadband
Communications", FirstNet FY 2017, December 2017. Communications", FirstNet FY 2017, December 2017.
[Fuel-Efficient] [Fuel-Efficient]
van de Hoef, S., H. Johansson, K., and D. V. Dimarogonas, van de Hoef, S., H. Johansson, K., and D. V. Dimarogonas,
"Fuel-Efficient En Route Formation of Truck Platoons", "Fuel-Efficient En Route Formation of Truck Platoons",
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems,
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Networking - Amendment 1", ISO 21210:2012/AMD 1:2017, Networking - Amendment 1", ISO 21210:2012/AMD 1:2017,
September 2017. September 2017.
[NHTSA-ACAS-Report] [NHTSA-ACAS-Report]
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
"Final Report of Automotive Collision Avoidance Systems "Final Report of Automotive Collision Avoidance Systems
(ACAS) Program", DOT HS 809 080, August 2000. (ACAS) Program", DOT HS 809 080, August 2000.
[OMNI] Templin, F. and A. Whyman, "Transmission of IPv6 Packets [OMNI] Templin, F. and A. Whyman, "Transmission of IPv6 Packets
over Overlay Multilink Network (OMNI) Interfaces", draft- over Overlay Multilink Network (OMNI) Interfaces", draft-
templin-6man-omni-interface-24 (work in progress), June templin-6man-omni-interface-27 (work in progress), June
2020. 2020.
[RFC2710] Deering, S., Fenner, W., and B. Haberman, "Multicast [RFC2710] Deering, S., Fenner, W., and B. Haberman, "Multicast
Listener Discovery (MLD) for IPv6", RFC 2710, October Listener Discovery (MLD) for IPv6", RFC 2710, October
1999. 1999.
[RFC3561] Perkins, C., Belding-Royer, E., and S. Das, "Ad hoc On-
Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing", RFC 3561, July
2003.
[RFC3753] Manner, J. and M. Kojo, "Mobility Related Terminology", [RFC3753] Manner, J. and M. Kojo, "Mobility Related Terminology",
RFC 3753, June 2004. RFC 3753, June 2004.
[RFC3810] Vida, R. and L. Costa, "Multicast Listener Discovery [RFC3810] Vida, R. and L. Costa, "Multicast Listener Discovery
Version 2 (MLDv2) for IPv6", RFC 3810, June 2004. Version 2 (MLDv2) for IPv6", RFC 3810, June 2004.
[RFC3849] Huston, G., Lord, A., and P. Smith, "IPv6 Address Prefix [RFC3849] Huston, G., Lord, A., and P. Smith, "IPv6 Address Prefix
Reserved for Documentation", RFC 3849, July 2004. Reserved for Documentation", RFC 3849, July 2004.
[RFC4086] Eastlake 3rd, D., Schiller, J., and S. Crocker, [RFC4086] Eastlake 3rd, D., Schiller, J., and S. Crocker,
skipping to change at page 34, line 36 skipping to change at page 34, line 33
[RFC6830BIS] [RFC6830BIS]
Farinacci, D., Fuller, V., Meyer, D., Lewis, D., and A. Farinacci, D., Fuller, V., Meyer, D., Lewis, D., and A.
Cabellos, "The Locator/ID Separation Protocol (LISP)", Cabellos, "The Locator/ID Separation Protocol (LISP)",
draft-ietf-lisp-rfc6830bis-32 (work in progress), March draft-ietf-lisp-rfc6830bis-32 (work in progress), March
2020. 2020.
[RFC7149] Boucadair, M. and C. Jacquenet, "Software-Defined [RFC7149] Boucadair, M. and C. Jacquenet, "Software-Defined
Networking: A Perspective from within a Service Provider Networking: A Perspective from within a Service Provider
Environment", RFC 7149, March 2014. Environment", RFC 7149, March 2014.
[RFC7181] Clausen, T., Dearlove, C., Jacquet, P., and U. Herberg,
"The Optimized Link State Routing Protocol Version 2",
RFC 7181, April 2014.
[RFC7296] Kaufman, C., Hoffman, P., Nir, Y., Eronen, P., and T. [RFC7296] Kaufman, C., Hoffman, P., Nir, Y., Eronen, P., and T.
Kivinen, "Internet Key Exchange Protocol Version 2 Kivinen, "Internet Key Exchange Protocol Version 2
(IKEv2)", RFC 7296, October 2014. (IKEv2)", RFC 7296, October 2014.
[RFC7333] Chan, H., Liu, D., Seite, P., Yokota, H., and J. Korhonen, [RFC7333] Chan, H., Liu, D., Seite, P., Yokota, H., and J. Korhonen,
"Requirements for Distributed Mobility Management", "Requirements for Distributed Mobility Management",
RFC 7333, August 2014. RFC 7333, August 2014.
[RFC7429] Liu, D., Zuniga, JC., Seite, P., Chan, H., and CJ. [RFC7429] Liu, D., Zuniga, JC., Seite, P., Chan, H., and CJ.
Bernardos, "Distributed Mobility Management: Current Bernardos, "Distributed Mobility Management: Current
skipping to change at page 36, line 7 skipping to change at page 35, line 45
Koukoumidis, E., Peh, L., and M. Martonosi, "SignalGuru: Koukoumidis, E., Peh, L., and M. Martonosi, "SignalGuru:
Leveraging Mobile Phones for Collaborative Traffic Signal Leveraging Mobile Phones for Collaborative Traffic Signal
Schedule Advisory", ACM MobiSys, June 2011. Schedule Advisory", ACM MobiSys, June 2011.
[TR-22.886-3GPP] [TR-22.886-3GPP]
3GPP, "Study on Enhancement of 3GPP Support for 5G V2X 3GPP, "Study on Enhancement of 3GPP Support for 5G V2X
Services", 3GPP TR 22.886/Version 16.2.0, December 2018. Services", 3GPP TR 22.886/Version 16.2.0, December 2018.
[Truck-Platooning] [Truck-Platooning]
California Partners for Advanced Transportation Technology California Partners for Advanced Transportation Technology
(PATH), "Automated Truck Platooning", [Online] Available: (PATH), "Automated Truck Platooning", Available:
http://www.path.berkeley.edu/research/automated-and- http://www.path.berkeley.edu/research/automated-and-
connected-vehicles/truck-platooning, 2017. connected-vehicles/truck-platooning, 2017.
[TS-23.285-3GPP] [TS-23.285-3GPP]
3GPP, "Architecture Enhancements for V2X Services", 3GPP 3GPP, "Architecture Enhancements for V2X Services", 3GPP
TS 23.285/Version 16.2.0, December 2019. TS 23.285/Version 16.2.0, December 2019.
[TS-23.287-3GPP] [TS-23.287-3GPP]
3GPP, "Architecture Enhancements for 5G System (5GS) to 3GPP, "Architecture Enhancements for 5G System (5GS) to
Support Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) Services", 3GPP Support Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) Services", 3GPP
 End of changes. 11 change blocks. 
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