draft-ietf-core-resource-directory-00.txt   draft-ietf-core-resource-directory-01.txt 
CoRE Z. Shelby CoRE Z. Shelby
Internet-Draft Sensinode Internet-Draft ARM
Intended status: Standards Track S. Krco Intended status: Standards Track C. Bormann
Expires: December 05, 2013 Ericsson Expires: June 14, 2014 Universitaet Bremen TZI
C. Bormann S. Krco
Universitaet Bremen TZI Ericsson
June 03, 2013 December 11, 2013
CoRE Resource Directory CoRE Resource Directory
draft-ietf-core-resource-directory-00 draft-ietf-core-resource-directory-01
Abstract Abstract
In many M2M applications, direct discovery of resources is not In many M2M applications, direct discovery of resources is not
practical due to sleeping nodes, disperse networks, or networks where practical due to sleeping nodes, disperse networks, or networks where
multicast traffic is inefficient. These problems can be solved by multicast traffic is inefficient. These problems can be solved by
employing an entity called a Resource Directory (RD), which hosts employing an entity called a Resource Directory (RD), which hosts
descriptions of resources held on other servers, allowing lookups to descriptions of resources held on other servers, allowing lookups to
be performed for those resources. This document specifies the web be performed for those resources. This document specifies the web
interfaces that a Resource Directory supports in order for web interfaces that a Resource Directory supports in order for web
servers to discover the RD and to register, maintain, lookup and servers to discover the RD and to register, maintain, lookup and
remove resources descriptions. Furthermore, new link attributes remove resources descriptions. Furthermore, new link attributes
useful in conjunction with an RD are defined. useful in conjunction with an RD are defined.
Status of This Memo Status of this Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/. Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on December 05, 2013. This Internet-Draft will expire on June 14, 2014.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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described in the Simplified BSD License. described in the Simplified BSD License.
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3. Architecture and Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3. Architecture and Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.1. Use Case: Cellular M2M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.1. Use Case: Cellular M2M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.2. Use Case: Home and Building Automation . . . . . . . . . 5 3.2. Use Case: Home and Building Automation . . . . . . . . . . 6
4. Simple Directory Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4. Simple Directory Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.1. Finding a Directory Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 4.1. Finding a Directory Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5. Resource Directory Function Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5. Resource Directory Function Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5.1. Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5.1. Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5.2. Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5.2. Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.3. Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 5.3. Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.4. Validation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 5.4. Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
5.5. Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 6. Group Function Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
6. Group Function Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 6.1. Register a Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
6.1. Register a Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 6.2. Group Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
6.2. Group Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 7. RD Lookup Function Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
7. RD Lookup Function Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 8. New Link-Format Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
8. New Link-Format Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 8.1. Resource Instance 'ins' attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
8.1. Resource Instance 'ins' attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 8.2. Export 'exp' attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
8.2. Export 'exp' attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 9. DNS-SD Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
9. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 10. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 11. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
11. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 11.1. Resource Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
12. Changelog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 11.2. Link Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
13. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 11.3. RD Parameter Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
13.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 12. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
13.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 13. Changelog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 14. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
14.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
14.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
The Constrained RESTful Environments (CoRE) work aims at realizing The Constrained RESTful Environments (CoRE) work aims at realizing
the REST architecture in a suitable form for the most constrained the REST architecture in a suitable form for the most constrained
nodes (e.g. 8-bit microcontrollers with limited RAM and ROM) and nodes (e.g. 8-bit microcontrollers with limited RAM and ROM) and
networks (e.g. 6LoWPAN). CoRE is aimed at machine-to-machine (M2M) networks (e.g. 6LoWPAN). CoRE is aimed at machine-to-machine (M2M)
applications such as smart energy and building automation. applications such as smart energy and building automation.
The discovery of resources offered by a constrained server is very The discovery of resources offered by a constrained server is very
important in machine-to-machine applications where there are no important in machine-to-machine applications where there are no
humans in the loop and static interfaces result in fragility. The humans in the loop and static interfaces result in fragility. The
discovery of resources provided by an HTTP Web Server is typically discovery of resources provided by an HTTP Web Server is typically
called Web Linking [RFC5988]. The use of Web Linking for the called Web Linking [RFC5988]. The use of Web Linking for the
description and discovery of resources hosted by constrained web description and discovery of resources hosted by constrained web
servers is specified by the CoRE Link Format [RFC6690]. This servers is specified by the CoRE Link Format [RFC6690]. This
specification however only describes how to discover resources from specification however only describes how to discover resources from
skipping to change at page 3, line 26 skipping to change at page 3, line 34
traffic is inefficient. These problems can be solved by employing an traffic is inefficient. These problems can be solved by employing an
entity called a Resource Directory (RD), which hosts descriptions of entity called a Resource Directory (RD), which hosts descriptions of
resources held on other servers, allowing lookups to be performed for resources held on other servers, allowing lookups to be performed for
those resources. those resources.
This document specifies the web interfaces that a Resource Directory This document specifies the web interfaces that a Resource Directory
supports in order for web servers to discover the RD and to register, supports in order for web servers to discover the RD and to register,
maintain, lookup and remove resource descriptions. Furthermore, new maintain, lookup and remove resource descriptions. Furthermore, new
link attributes useful in conjunction with a Resource Directory are link attributes useful in conjunction with a Resource Directory are
defined. Although the examples in this document show the use of defined. Although the examples in this document show the use of
these interfaces with CoAP [I-D.ietf-core-coap], they may be applied these interfaces with CoAP [I-D.ietf-core-coap], they can be applied
in an equivalent manner to HTTP [RFC2616]. in an equivalent manner to HTTP [RFC2616].
2. Terminology 2. Terminology
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. The term document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. The term
"byte" is used in its now customary sense as a synonym for "octet". "byte" is used in its now customary sense as a synonym for "octet".
This specification requires readers to be familiar with all the terms This specification requires readers to be familiar with all the terms
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+----+ ---- | | +----+ ---- | |
| EP |---- | | | EP |---- | |
+----+ +----+
Figure 1: The resource directory architecture. Figure 1: The resource directory architecture.
3.1. Use Case: Cellular M2M 3.1. Use Case: Cellular M2M
Over the last few years, mobile operators around the world have Over the last few years, mobile operators around the world have
focused on development of M2M solutions in order to expand the focused on development of M2M solutions in order to expand the
business to the new type of users, i.e. machines. The machines are business to the new type of users, i.e. machines. The machines are
connected directly to a mobile network using appropriate embedded air connected directly to a mobile network using appropriate embedded air
interface (GSM/GPRS, WCDMA, LTE) or via a gateway providing short and interface (GSM/GPRS, WCDMA, LTE) or via a gateway providing short and
wide range wireless interfaces. From the system design point of wide range wireless interfaces. From the system design point of
view, the ambition is to design horizontal solutions that can enable view, the ambition is to design horizontal solutions that can enable
utilization of machines in different applications depending on their utilization of machines in different applications depending on their
current availability and capabilities as well as application current availability and capabilities as well as application
requirements, thus avoiding silo like solutions. One of the crucial requirements, thus avoiding silo like solutions. One of the crucial
enablers of such design is the ability to discover resources enablers of such design is the ability to discover resources
(machines - endpoints) capable of providing required information at a (machines - endpoints) capable of providing required information at a
given time or acting on instructions from the end users. given time or acting on instructions from the end users.
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4.1. Finding a Directory Server 4.1. Finding a Directory Server
Endpoints that want to contact a directory server can obtain Endpoints that want to contact a directory server can obtain
candidate IP addresses for such servers in a number of ways. candidate IP addresses for such servers in a number of ways.
In a 6LoWPAN, good candidates can be taken from: In a 6LoWPAN, good candidates can be taken from:
o specific static configuration (e.g., anycast addresses), if any, o specific static configuration (e.g., anycast addresses), if any,
o the ABRO option of 6LoWPAN-ND [RFC6775], o the ABRO option of 6LoWPAN-ND [RFC6775],
o other ND options that happen to point to servers (such as RDNSS), o other ND options that happen to point to servers (such as RDNSS),
o DHCPv6 options that might be defined later. o DHCPv6 options that might be defined later.
In networks with more inexpensive use of multicast, the candidate IP In networks with more inexpensive use of multicast, the candidate IP
address may be a well-known multicast address, i.e. directory address may be a well-known multicast address, i.e. directory servers
servers are found by simply sending POST requests to that well-known are found by simply sending POST requests to that well-known
multicast address (details TBD). multicast address (details TBD).
As some of these sources are just (more or less educated) guesses, As some of these sources are just (more or less educated) guesses,
endpoints MUST make use of any error messages to very strictly rate- endpoints MUST make use of any error messages to very strictly rate-
limit requests to candidate IP addresses that don't work out. E.g., limit requests to candidate IP addresses that don't work out. E.g.,
an ICMP Destination Unreachable message (and, in particular, the port an ICMP Destination Unreachable message (and, in particular, the port
unreachable code for this message) may indicate the lack of a CoAP unreachable code for this message) may indicate the lack of a CoAP
server on the candidate host, or a CoAP error response code such as server on the candidate host, or a CoAP error response code such as
4.05 "Method Not Allowed" may indicate unwillingness of a CoAP server 4.05 "Method Not Allowed" may indicate unwillingness of a CoAP server
to act as a directory server. to act as a directory server.
5. Resource Directory Function Set 5. Resource Directory Function Set
This section defines the REST interfaces between an RD and endpoint This section defines the REST interfaces between an RD and endpoint
servers, which is called the Resource Directory Function Set. servers, which is called the Resource Directory Function Set.
Although the examples throughout this section assume use of CoAP Although the examples throughout this section assume use of CoAP
[I-D.ietf-core-coap], these REST interfaces can also be realized [I-D.ietf-core-coap], these REST interfaces can also be realized
using HTTP [RFC2616]. An RD implementing this specification MUST using HTTP [RFC2616]. An RD implementing this specification MUST
support the discovery, registration, update, and removal interfaces support the discovery, registration, update, and removal interfaces
defined in this section and MAY support the validation interface. defined in this section.
For the purpose of validation, an endpoint implementing this
specification SHOULD support ETag validation on /.well-known/core
(which is very straightforward for static /.well-known/core link
documents).
Resource directory entries are designed to be easily exported to Resource directory entries are designed to be easily exported to
other discovery mechanisms such as DNS-SD. For that reason, other discovery mechanisms such as DNS-SD. For that reason,
parameters that would meaningfully be mapped to DNS are limited to a parameters that would meaningfully be mapped to DNS are limited to a
maximum length of 63 bytes. maximum length of 63 bytes.
5.1. Discovery 5.1. Discovery
Before an endpoint can make use of an RD, it must first know the RD's Before an endpoint can make use of an RD, it must first know the RD's
IP address, port and the path of its RD Function Set. There can be IP address, port and the path of its RD Function Set. There can be
several mechanisms for discovering the RD including assuming a several mechanisms for discovering the RD including assuming a
default location (e.g. on an Edge Router in a LoWPAN), by assigning default location (e.g. on an Edge Router in a LoWPAN), by assigning
an anycast address to the RD, using DHCP, or by discovering the RD an anycast address to the RD, using DHCP, or by discovering the RD
using the CoRE Link Format (also see Section 4.1). This section using the CoRE Link Format (also see Section 4.1). This section
defines discovery of the RD using the well-known interface of the defines discovery of the RD using the well-known interface of the
CoRE Link Format [RFC6690] as the required mechanism. It is however CoRE Link Format [RFC6690] as the required mechanism. It is however
expected that RDs will also be discoverable via other methods expected that RDs will also be discoverable via other methods
depending on the deployment. depending on the deployment.
Discovery is performed by sending either a multicast or unicast GET Discovery is performed by sending either a multicast or unicast GET
request to /.well-known/core and including a Resource Type (rt) request to /.well-known/core and including a Resource Type (rt)
parameter [RFC6690] with the value "core.rd" in the query string. parameter [RFC6690] with the value "core.rd" in the query string.
Likewise, a Resource Type parameter value of "core.rd-lookup" is used Likewise, a Resource Type parameter value of "core.rd-lookup" is used
to discover the RD Lookup Function Set. Upon success, the response to discover the RD Lookup Function Set. Upon success, the response
will contain a payload with a link format entry for each RD will contain a payload with a link format entry for each RD
discovered, with the URL indicating the root resource of the RD. discovered, with the URL indicating the root resource of the RD.
When performing multicast discovery, the multicast IP address used When performing multicast discovery, the multicast IP address used
will depend on the scope required and the multicast capabilities of will depend on the scope required and the multicast capabilities of
the network. the network.
An RD implementation of this specification MUST support query An RD implementation of this specification MUST support query
filtering for the rt parameter as defined in [RFC6690]. filtering for the rt parameter as defined in [RFC6690].
The discovery request interface is specified as follows: The discovery request interface is specified as follows:
Interaction: EP -> RD Interaction: EP -> RD
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Interaction: EP -> RD Interaction: EP -> RD
Method: GET Method: GET
URI Template: /.well-known/core{?rt} URI Template: /.well-known/core{?rt}
URI Template Variables: URI Template Variables:
rt := Resource Type (optional). MAY contain the value rt := Resource Type (optional). MAY contain the value
"core.rd", "core.rd-lookup", "core.rd-group" or "core.rd*" "core.rd", "core.rd-lookup", "core.rd-group" or "core.rd*"
Content-Type: application/link-format (if any) Content-Type: application/link-format (if any)
The following response codes are defined for this interface: The following response codes are defined for this interface:
Success: 2.05 "Content" with an application/link-format payload Success: 2.05 "Content" with an application/link-format payload
containing a matching entry for the RD resource. containing a matching entry for the RD resource.
Failure: 4.04 "Not Found" is returned in case no matching entry is Failure: 4.04 "Not Found" is returned in case no matching entry is
found for a unicast request. found for a unicast request.
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</rd>;rt="core.rd", </rd>;rt="core.rd",
</rd-lookup>;rt="core.rd-lookup", </rd-lookup>;rt="core.rd-lookup",
</rd-group>;rt="core.rd-group" </rd-group>;rt="core.rd-group"
5.2. Registration 5.2. Registration
After discovering the location of an RD Function Set, an endpoint MAY After discovering the location of an RD Function Set, an endpoint MAY
register its resources using the registration interface. This register its resources using the registration interface. This
interface accepts a POST from an endpoint containing the list of interface accepts a POST from an endpoint containing the list of
resources to be added to the directory as the message payload in the resources to be added to the directory as the message payload in the
CoRE Link Format along with query string parameters indicating the CoRE Link Format [RFC6690] or JSON Link Format
name of the endpoint, its domain and the lifetime of the [I-D.ietf-core-links-json] along with query string parameters
registration. All parameters except the endpoint name are optional. indicating the name of the endpoint, its domain and the lifetime of
It is expected that other specifications MAY define further the registration. All parameters except the endpoint name are
parameters (it is to be determined if a registry of parameters is optional. It is expected that other specifications MAY define
needed for this purpose). The RD then creates a new resource or further parameters (it is to be determined if a registry of
updates an existing resource in the RD and returns its location. An parameters is needed for this purpose). The RD then creates a new
endpoint MUST use that location when refreshing registrations using resource or updates an existing resource in the RD and returns its
this interface. Endpoint resources in the RD are kept active for the location. An endpoint MUST use that location when refreshing
period indicated by the lifetime parameter. The endpoint is registrations using this interface. Endpoint resources in the RD are
responsible for refreshing the entry within this period using either kept active for the period indicated by the lifetime parameter. The
the registration or update interface. The registration interface endpoint is responsible for refreshing the entry within this period
MUST be implemented to be idempotent, so that registering twice with using either the registration or update interface. The registration
the same endpoint parameter does not create multiple RD entries. interface MUST be implemented to be idempotent, so that registering
twice with the same endpoint parameter does not create multiple RD
entries.
The registration request interface is specified as follows: The registration request interface is specified as follows:
Interaction: EP -> RD Interaction: EP -> RD
Method: POST Method: POST
URI Template: /{+rd}{?ep,d,et,lt,con} URI Template: /{+rd}{?ep,d,et,lt,con}
URI Template Variables: URI Template Variables:
RD Function Set path (mandatory). This is the path of the RD rd := RD Function Set path (mandatory). This is the path of the
Function Set. An RD SHOULD use the value "rd" for this RD Function Set. An RD SHOULD use the value "rd" for this
variable whenever possible. variable whenever possible.
Endpoint (mandatory). The endpoint identifier or name of the ep := Endpoint (mandatory). The endpoint identifier or name of
registering node, unique within that domain. The maximum the registering node, unique within that domain. The maximum
length of this parameter is 63 bytes. length of this parameter is 63 bytes.
Domain (optional). The domain to which this endpoint belongs. d := Domain (optional). The domain to which this endpoint
The maximum length of this parameter is 63 bytes. Optional. belongs. The maximum length of this parameter is 63 bytes.
When this parameter is elided, the RD MAY associate the Optional. When this parameter is elided, the RD MAY associate
endpoint with a configured default domain. the endpoint with a configured default domain.
Endpoint Type (optional). The semantic type of the endpoint. et := Endpoint Type (optional). The semantic type of the
The maximum length of this parameter is 63 bytes. Optional. endpoint. The maximum length of this parameter is 63 bytes.
Optional.
Lifetime (optional). Lifetime of the registration in seconds. lt := Lifetime (optional). Lifetime of the registration in
Range of 60-4294967295. If no lifetime is included, a default seconds. Range of 60-4294967295. If no lifetime is included,
value of 86400 (24 hours) SHOULD be assumed. a default value of 86400 (24 hours) SHOULD be assumed.
Context (optional). This parameter sets the scheme, address con := Context (optional). This parameter sets the scheme,
and port at which this server is available in the form scheme:/ address and port at which this server is available in the form
/host:port. Optional. In the absence of this parameter the scheme://host:port. Optional. In the absence of this
scheme of the protocol, source IP address and source port of parameter the scheme of the protocol, source IP address and
the register request are assumed. source port of the register request are assumed.
Content-Type: application/link-format Content-Type: application/link-format
Content-Type: application/link-format+json
The following response codes are defined for this interface: The following response codes are defined for this interface:
Success: 2.01 "Created". The Location header MUST be included with Success: 2.01 "Created". The Location header MUST be included with
the new resource entry for the endpoint. This Location MUST be a the new resource entry for the endpoint. This Location MUST be a
stable identifier generated by the RD as it is used for all stable identifier generated by the RD as it is used for all
subsequent operations on this registration (update, delete). subsequent operations on this registration. The resource returned
in the Location is only for the purpose of the Update (PUT) and
Removal (DELETE), and MUST NOT implement GET or POST methods.
Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request. Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request.
Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the
operation. operation.
The following example shows an endpoint with the name "node1" The following example shows an endpoint with the name "node1"
registering two resources to an RD using this interface. The registering two resources to an RD using this interface. The
resulting location /rd/4521 is just an example of an RD generated resulting location /rd/4521 is just an example of an RD generated
location. location.
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response to the first registration. An update MAY contain response to the first registration. An update MAY contain
registration parameters if there have been changes since the last registration parameters if there have been changes since the last
registration or update. Parameters that have not changed SHOULD NOT registration or update. Parameters that have not changed SHOULD NOT
be included in an update. Upon receiving an update request, the RD be included in an update. Upon receiving an update request, the RD
resets the timeout for that endpoint and stores the values of the resets the timeout for that endpoint and stores the values of the
parameters included in the update (if any). parameters included in the update (if any).
The update request interface is specified as follows: The update request interface is specified as follows:
Interaction: EP -> RD Interaction: EP -> RD
Method: PUT Method: PUT
URI Template: /{+location}{?et,lt,con} URI Template: /{+location}{?et,lt,con}
URI Template Variables: URI Template Variables:
This is the Location path returned by the RD as a result of a location := This is the Location path returned by the RD as a
successful registration. result of a successful registration.
Endpoint Type (optional). The semantic type of the endpoint. et := Endpoint Type (optional). The semantic type of the
The maximum length of this parameter is 63 btyes. Optional. endpoint. The maximum length of this parameter is 63 btyes.
Optional.
Lifetime (optional). Lifetime of the registration in seconds. lt := Lifetime (optional). Lifetime of the registration in
Range of 60-4294967295. If no lifetime is included, a default seconds. Range of 60-4294967295. If no lifetime is included,
value of 86400 (24 hours) SHOULD be assumed. a default value of 86400 (24 hours) SHOULD be assumed.
Context (optional). This parameter sets the scheme, address con := Context (optional). This parameter sets the scheme,
and port at which this server is available in the form scheme:/ address and port at which this server is available in the form
/host:port. Optional. In the absence of this parameter the scheme://host:port. Optional. In the absence of this
scheme of the protocol, source IP address and source port used parameter the scheme of the protocol, source IP address and
to register are assumed. source port used to register are assumed.
Content-Type: None Content-Type: None
The following response codes are defined for this interface: The following response codes are defined for this interface:
Success: 2.04 "Changed" in the update was successfully processed. Success: 2.04 "Changed" in the update was successfully processed.
Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request. Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request.
Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the
skipping to change at page 13, line 33 skipping to change at page 14, line 9
| --- PUT /rd/4521 --------------------------> | | --- PUT /rd/4521 --------------------------> |
| | | |
| | | |
| <-- 2.04 Changed ---------------------------- | | <-- 2.04 Changed ---------------------------- |
| | | |
Req: PUT /rd/4521 Req: PUT /rd/4521
Res: 2.04 Changed Res: 2.04 Changed
5.4. Validation 5.4. Removal
In some cases, an RD may want to validate that it has the latest
version of an endpoint's resources. This can be performed with a GET
on the well-known interface of the CoRE Link Format including the
latest ETag stored for that endpoint. For the purpose of validation,
an endpoint implementing this specification SHOULD support ETag
validation on /.well-known/core.
The validation request interface is specified as follows:
Interaction: RD -> EP
Method: GET
Path: /.well-known/core
Parameters: None
ETag: The ETag option MUST be included
The following responses codes are defined for this interface:
Success: 2.03 "Valid" in case the ETag matches
Success: 2.05 "Content" in case the ETag does not match, the
response MUST include the most recent resource representation
(application/link-format) and its corresponding ETag.
Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request.
The following examples shows a successful validation.
EP RD
| |
| <--- GET /.well-known/core ETag: 0x40 -------- |
| |
| |
| --- 2.03 Valid -----------------------------> |
| |
Req: GET /.well-known/core
ETag: 0x40
Res: 2.03 Valid
5.5. Removal
Although RD entries have soft state and will eventually timeout after Although RD entries have soft state and will eventually timeout after
their lifetime, an endpoint SHOULD explicitly remove its entry from their lifetime, an endpoint SHOULD explicitly remove its entry from
the RD if it knows it will no longer be available (for example on the RD if it knows it will no longer be available (for example on
shut-down). This is accomplished using a removal interface on the RD shut-down). This is accomplished using a removal interface on the RD
by performing a DELETE on the endpoint resource. by performing a DELETE on the endpoint resource.
The removal request interface is specified as follows: The removal request interface is specified as follows:
Interaction: EP -> RD Interaction: EP -> RD
skipping to change at page 15, line 4 skipping to change at page 14, line 22
their lifetime, an endpoint SHOULD explicitly remove its entry from their lifetime, an endpoint SHOULD explicitly remove its entry from
the RD if it knows it will no longer be available (for example on the RD if it knows it will no longer be available (for example on
shut-down). This is accomplished using a removal interface on the RD shut-down). This is accomplished using a removal interface on the RD
by performing a DELETE on the endpoint resource. by performing a DELETE on the endpoint resource.
The removal request interface is specified as follows: The removal request interface is specified as follows:
Interaction: EP -> RD Interaction: EP -> RD
Method: DELETE Method: DELETE
URI Template: /{+location} URI Template: /{+location}
URI Template Variables: URI Template Variables:
This is the Location path returned by the RD as a result of a location := This is the Location path returned by the RD as a
successful registration. result of a successful registration.
The following responses codes are defined for this interface: The following responses codes are defined for this interface:
Success: 2.02 "Deleted" upon successful deletion Success: 2.02 "Deleted" upon successful deletion
Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request. Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request.
Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the
operation. operation.
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This section defines a function set for the creation of groups of This section defines a function set for the creation of groups of
endpoints for the purpose of managing and looking up endpoints for endpoints for the purpose of managing and looking up endpoints for
group operations. The group function set is similar to the resource group operations. The group function set is similar to the resource
directory function set, in that a group may be created or removed. directory function set, in that a group may be created or removed.
However unlike an endpoint entry, a group entry consists of a list of However unlike an endpoint entry, a group entry consists of a list of
endpoints and does not have a lifetime associated with it. In order endpoints and does not have a lifetime associated with it. In order
to make use of multicast requests with CoAP, a group MAY have a to make use of multicast requests with CoAP, a group MAY have a
multicast address associated with it. multicast address associated with it.
6.1. Register a Group 6.1. Register a Group
In order to create a group, a management entity used to configure In order to create a group, a management entity used to configure
groups, makes a request to the RD indicating the name of the group to groups, makes a request to the RD indicating the name of the group to
create (or update), the optional domain the group belongs to, and the create (or update), the optional domain the group belongs to, and the
optional multicast address of the group. The registration message optional multicast address of the group. The registration message
includes the list of endpoints that belong to that group. If an includes the list of endpoints that belong to that group. If an
endpoint has already registered with the RD, the RD attempts to use endpoint has already registered with the RD, the RD attempts to use
the context of the endpoint from its RD endpoint entry. If the the context of the endpoint from its RD endpoint entry. If the
client registering the group knows the endpoint has already client registering the group knows the endpoint has already
registered, then it MAY send a blank target URI for that endpoint registered, then it MAY send a blank target URI for that endpoint
link when registering the group. link when registering the group. Configuration of the endpoints
themselves is out of scope of this specification. Such an interface
for managing the group membership of an endpoint has been defined in
[I-D.ietf-core-groupcomm].
The registration request interface is specified as follows: The registration request interface is specified as follows:
Interaction: Manager -> RD Interaction: Manager -> RD
Method: POST Method: POST
URI Template: /{+rd-group}{?gp,d,con} URI Template: /{+rd-group}{?gp,d,con}
URI Template Variables: URI Template Variables:
RD Group Function Set path (mandatory). This is the path of rd-group := RD Group Function Set path (mandatory). This is the
the RD Group Function Set. An RD SHOULD use the value "rd- path of the RD Group Function Set. An RD SHOULD use the value
group" for this variable whenever possible. "rd-group" for this variable whenever possible.
Group Name (mandatory). The name of the group to be created or gp := Group Name (mandatory). The name of the group to be
replaced, unique within that domain. The maximum length of created or replaced, unique within that domain. The maximum
this parameter is 63 bytes. length of this parameter is 63 bytes.
Domain (optional). The domain to which this group belongs. d := Domain (optional). The domain to which this group belongs.
The maximum length of this parameter is 63 bytes. Optional. The maximum length of this parameter is 63 bytes. Optional.
When this parameter is elided, the RD MAY associate the When this parameter is elided, the RD MAY associate the
endpoint with a configured default domain. endpoint with a configured default domain.
Context (optional). This parameter is used to set the IP con := Context (optional). This parameter is used to set the IP
multicast address at which this server is available in the form multicast address at which this server is available in the form
scheme://multicast-address:port. Optional. In the absence of scheme://multicast-address:port. Optional. In the absence of
this parameter no multicast address is configured. this parameter no multicast address is configured.
Content-Type: application/link-format Content-Type: application/link-format
Content-Type: application/link-format+json
The following response codes are defined for this interface: The following response codes are defined for this interface:
Success: 2.01 "Created". The Location header MUST be included with Success: 2.01 "Created". The Location header MUST be included with
the new group entry. This Location MUST be a stable identifier the new group entry. This Location MUST be a stable identifier
generated by the RD as it is used for delete operations on this generated by the RD as it is used for delete operations on this
registration. registration.
Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request. Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request.
Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the
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The removal request interface is specified as follows: The removal request interface is specified as follows:
Interaction: Manager -> RD Interaction: Manager -> RD
Method: DELETE Method: DELETE
URI Template: /{+location} URI Template: /{+location}
URI Template Variables: URI Template Variables:
This is the Location path returned by the RD as a result of a location := This is the Location path returned by the RD as a
successful group registration. result of a successful group registration.
The following responses codes are defined for this interface: The following responses codes are defined for this interface:
Success: 2.02 "Deleted" upon successful deletion Success: 2.02 "Deleted" upon successful deletion
Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request. Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request.
Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the
operation. operation.
skipping to change at page 18, line 36 skipping to change at page 18, line 16
Res: 2.02 Deleted Res: 2.02 Deleted
7. RD Lookup Function Set 7. RD Lookup Function Set
In order for an RD to be used for discovering resources registered In order for an RD to be used for discovering resources registered
with it, a lookup interface can be provided using this function set. with it, a lookup interface can be provided using this function set.
This lookup interface is defined as a default, and it is assumed that This lookup interface is defined as a default, and it is assumed that
RDs may also support lookups to return resource descriptions in RDs may also support lookups to return resource descriptions in
alternative formats (e.g. Atom or HTML Link) or using more advanced alternative formats (e.g. Atom or HTML Link) or using more advanced
interfaces (e.g. supporting context or semantic based lookup). interfaces (e.g. supporting context or semantic based lookup).
This function set allows lookups for domains, groups, endpoints and This function set allows lookups for domains, groups, endpoints and
resources using attributes defined in the RD Function Set and for use resources using attributes defined in the RD Function Set and for use
with the CoRE Link Format. The result of a lookup request is the with the CoRE Link Format. The result of a lookup request is the
list of links (if any) in CoRE Link Format corresponding to the type list of links (if any) in CoRE Link Format corresponding to the type
of lookup. The target of these links SHOULD be the actual location of lookup. The target of these links SHOULD be the actual location
of the domain, endpoint or resource, but MAY be an intermediate proxy of the domain, endpoint or resource, but MAY be an intermediate proxy
e.g. in the case of an HTTP lookup interface for CoAP endpoints. e.g. in the case of an HTTP lookup interface for CoAP endpoints.
Multiple query parameters MAY be included in a lookup, all included Multiple query parameters MAY be included in a lookup, all included
parameters MUST match for a resource to be returned. The character parameters MUST match for a resource to be returned. The character
'*' MAY be included at the end of a parameter value as a wildcard '*' MAY be included at the end of a parameter value as a wildcard
operator. operator.
The lookup interface is specified as follows: The lookup interface is specified as follows:
Interaction: Client -> RD Interaction: Client -> RD
Method: GET Method: GET
URI Template: /{+rd-lookup-base}/{lookup- URI Template: /{+rd-lookup-base}/
type}{?d,ep,gp,et,rt,page,count,resource-param} {lookup-type}{?d,ep,gp,et,rt,page,count,resource-param}
Parameters: Parameters:
rd-lookup-base := RD Lookup Function Set path (mandatory). This rd-lookup-base := RD Lookup Function Set path (mandatory). This
is the path of the RD Lookup Function Set. An RD SHOULD use is the path of the RD Lookup Function Set. An RD SHOULD use the
the value "rd-lookup" for this variable whenever possible. value "rd-lookup" for this variable whenever possible.
lookup-type := ("d", "ep", "res", "gp") (mandatory) This lookup-type := ("d", "ep", "res", "gp") (mandatory) This
variable is used to select the kind of lookup to perform variable is used to select the kind of lookup to perform
(domain, endpoint or resource). (domain, endpoint or resource).
ep := Endpoint (optional). Used for endpoint, group and ep := Endpoint (optional). Used for endpoint, group and
resource lookups. resource lookups.
d := Domain (optional). Used for domain, group, endpoint and d := Domain (optional). Used for domain, group, endpoint and
resource lookups. resource lookups.
page := Page (optional). Parameter can not be used without the page := Page (optional). Parameter can not be used without the
count parameter. Results are returned from result set in count parameter. Results are returned from result set in pages
pages that contains 'count' results starting from index that contains 'count' results starting from index (page *
(page * count). count).
count := Count (optional). Number of results is limited to this count := Count (optional). Number of results is limited to this
parameter value. If the parameter is not present, then an parameter value. If the parameter is not present, then an RD
RD implementation specific default value SHOULD be used. implementation specific default value SHOULD be used.
rt := Resource type (optional). Used for group, endpoint and rt := Resource type (optional). Used for group, endpoint and
resource lookups. resource lookups.
rt := Endpoint type (optional). Used for group, endpoint and et := Endpoint type (optional). Used for group, endpoint and
resource lookups. resource lookups.
resource-param := Link attribute parameters (optional). Any resource-param := Link attribute parameters (optional). Any
link attribute as defined in Section 4.1 of [RFC6690], used link attribute as defined in Section 4.1 of [RFC6690], used for
for resource lookups. resource lookups.
The following responses codes are defined for this interface: The following responses codes are defined for this interface:
Success: 2.05 "Content" with an application/link-format payload Success: 2.05 "Content" with an application/link-format or
containing a matching entries for the lookup. application/link-format+json payload containing a matching entries
for the lookup.
Failure: 4.04 "Not Found" in case no matching entry is found for a Failure: 4.04 "Not Found" in case no matching entry is found for a
unicast request. unicast request.
Failure: No error response to a multicast request. Failure: No error response to a multicast request.
Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request. Failure: 4.00 "Bad Request". Malformed request.
Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the Failure: 5.03 "Service Unavailable". Service could not perform the
operation. operation.
skipping to change at page 23, line 42 skipping to change at page 23, line 20
description MAY be exported by a resource directory to external description MAY be exported by a resource directory to external
directories. directories.
The CoRE Link Format is used for many purposes between CoAP The CoRE Link Format is used for many purposes between CoAP
endpoints. Some are useful mainly locally, for example checking the endpoints. Some are useful mainly locally, for example checking the
observability of a resource before accessing it, determining the size observability of a resource before accessing it, determining the size
of a resource, or traversing dynamic resource structures. However, of a resource, or traversing dynamic resource structures. However,
other links are very useful to be exported to other directories, for other links are very useful to be exported to other directories, for
example the entry point resource to a functional service. example the entry point resource to a functional service.
9. Security Considerations 9. DNS-SD Mapping
TODO
10. Security Considerations
This document needs the same security considerations as described in This document needs the same security considerations as described in
Section 7 of [RFC5988] and Section 6 of [RFC6690]. The /.well-known/ Section 7 of [RFC5988] and Section 6 of [RFC6690]. The /.well-known/
core resource may be protected e.g. using DTLS when hosted on a CoAP core resource may be protected e.g. using DTLS when hosted on a CoAP
server as described in [I-D.ietf-core-coap]. server as described in [I-D.ietf-core-coap].
Access control SHOULD be performed separately for the RD Function Set Access control SHOULD be performed separately for the RD Function Set
and the RD Lookup Function Set, as different endpoints may be and the RD Lookup Function Set, as different endpoints may be
authorized to register with an RD from those authorized to lookup authorized to register with an RD from those authorized to lookup
endpoints from the RD. Such access control SHOULD be performed in as endpoints from the RD. Such access control SHOULD be performed in as
fine-grained a level as possible. For example access control for fine-grained a level as possible. For example access control for
lookups could be performed either at the domain, endpoint or resource lookups could be performed either at the domain, endpoint or resource
level. level.
10. IANA Considerations 11. IANA Considerations
11.1. Resource Types
"core.rd", "core.rd-group" and "core.rd-lookup" resource types need "core.rd", "core.rd-group" and "core.rd-lookup" resource types need
to be registered with the resource type registry defined by to be registered with the resource type registry defined by
[RFC6690]. [RFC6690].
11.2. Link Extension
The "exp" attribute needs to be registered when a future Web Linking The "exp" attribute needs to be registered when a future Web Linking
attribute is created. link-extension registry is created (e.g. in RFC5988bis).
11. Acknowledgments 11.3. RD Parameter Registry
This specification defines a new sub-registry for registration and
lookup parameters called "RD Parameters" under "CoRE Parameters".
Although this specification defines a basic set of parameters, it is
expected that other standards that make use of this interface will
define new ones.
Each entry in the registry must include the human readable name of
the parameter, the query parameter, validity requirements if any and
a description. The query parameter MUST be a valid URI query key
[RFC3986].
Initial entries in this sub-registry are as follows:
+----------+-------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| Name | Query | Validity | Description |
+----------+-------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| Endpoint | ep | < 63 bytes | Name of the endpoint |
| Name | | | |
| Lifetime | lt | 60-4294967295 | Lifetime of the registration |
| | | | in seconds |
| Domain | d | < 63 bytes | Domain to which this endpoint |
| | | | belongs |
| Endpoint | et | | Semantic name of the endpoint |
| Type | | | |
| Context | con | URI | The scheme, address and port |
| | | | at which this server is |
| | | | available |
| Endpoint | ep | | Name of the endpoint, max 63 |
| Name | | | bytes |
| Group | gp | | Name of a group in the RD |
| Name | | | |
| Page | page | Integer | Used for pagination |
| Count | count | Integer | Used for pagination |
+----------+-------+---------------+--------------------------------+
Table 1: RD Parameters
The IANA policy for future additions to the sub-registry is "Expert
Review" as described in [RFC5226]
12. Acknowledgments
Szymon Sasin, Kerry Lynn, Esko Dijk, Peter van der Stok, Anders Szymon Sasin, Kerry Lynn, Esko Dijk, Peter van der Stok, Anders
Brandt, Matthieu Vial, Sampo Ukkola and Linyi Tian have provided Brandt, Matthieu Vial, Sampo Ukkola and Linyi Tian have provided
helpful comments, discussions and ideas to improve and shape this helpful comments, discussions and ideas to improve and shape this
document. The authors would also like to thank their collagues from document. The authors would also like to thank their collagues from
the EU FP7 SENSEI project, where many of the resource directory the EU FP7 SENSEI project, where many of the resource directory
concepts were originally developed. concepts were originally developed.
12. Changelog 13. Changelog
Changes from -00 to -01:
o Removed the ETag validation feature.
o Place holder for the DNS-SD mapping section.
o Explicitly disabled GET or POST on returned Location.
o New registry for RD parameters.
o Added support for the JSON Link Format.
o Added reference to the Groupcomm WG draft.
Changes from -05 to WG Document -00: Changes from -05 to WG Document -00:
o Updated the version and date. o Updated the version and date.
Changes from -04 to -05: Changes from -04 to -05:
o Restricted Update to parameter updates. o Restricted Update to parameter updates.
o Added pagination support for the Lookup interface. o Added pagination support for the Lookup interface.
skipping to change at page 25, line 43 skipping to change at page 26, line 41
o Added the concept of an RD Domain and a registration parameter o Added the concept of an RD Domain and a registration parameter
for it. for it.
o Recommended the Location returned from a registration to be o Recommended the Location returned from a registration to be
stable, allowing for endpoint and Domain information to be changed stable, allowing for endpoint and Domain information to be changed
during updates. during updates.
o Changed the lookup interface to accept endpoint and Domain as o Changed the lookup interface to accept endpoint and Domain as
query string parameters to control the scope of a lookup. query string parameters to control the scope of a lookup.
13. References 14. References
13.1. Normative References 14.1. Normative References
[I-D.ietf-core-links-json]
Bormann, C., "Representing CoRE Link Collections in JSON",
draft-ietf-core-links-json-00 (work in progress),
June 2013.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[RFC3986] Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform
Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66,
RFC 3986, January 2005.
[RFC5226] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an
IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226,
May 2008.
[RFC5988] Nottingham, M., "Web Linking", RFC 5988, October 2010. [RFC5988] Nottingham, M., "Web Linking", RFC 5988, October 2010.
[RFC6570] Gregorio, J., Fielding, R., Hadley, M., Nottingham, M., [RFC6570] Gregorio, J., Fielding, R., Hadley, M., Nottingham, M.,
and D. Orchard, "URI Template", RFC 6570, March 2012. and D. Orchard, "URI Template", RFC 6570, March 2012.
[RFC6690] Shelby, Z., "Constrained RESTful Environments (CoRE) Link [RFC6690] Shelby, Z., "Constrained RESTful Environments (CoRE) Link
Format", RFC 6690, August 2012. Format", RFC 6690, August 2012.
13.2. Informative References 14.2. Informative References
[I-D.brandt-coap-subnet-discovery] [I-D.brandt-coap-subnet-discovery]
Brandt, A., "Discovery of CoAP servers across subnets", Brandt, A., "Discovery of CoAP servers across subnets",
draft-brandt-coap-subnet-discovery-00 (work in progress), draft-brandt-coap-subnet-discovery-00 (work in progress),
March 2011. March 2011.
[I-D.ietf-core-coap] [I-D.ietf-core-coap]
Shelby, Z., Hartke, K., and C. Bormann, "Constrained Shelby, Z., Hartke, K., and C. Bormann, "Constrained
Application Protocol (CoAP)", draft-ietf-core-coap-14 Application Protocol (CoAP)", draft-ietf-core-coap-18
(work in progress), March 2013. (work in progress), June 2013.
[I-D.ietf-core-groupcomm]
Rahman, A. and E. Dijk, "Group Communication for CoAP",
draft-ietf-core-groupcomm-16 (work in progress),
October 2013.
[I-D.vanderstok-core-bc] [I-D.vanderstok-core-bc]
Stok, P. and K. Lynn, "CoAP Utilization for Building Stok, P. and K. Lynn, "CoAP Utilization for Building
Control", draft-vanderstok-core-bc-05 (work in progress), Control", draft-vanderstok-core-bc-05 (work in progress),
October 2011. October 2011.
[RFC2616] Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Frystyk, H., [RFC2616] Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Frystyk, H.,
Masinter, L., Leach, P., and T. Berners-Lee, "Hypertext Masinter, L., Leach, P., and T. Berners-Lee, "Hypertext
Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1", RFC 2616, June 1999. Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1", RFC 2616, June 1999.
[RFC6775] Shelby, Z., Chakrabarti, S., Nordmark, E., and C. Bormann, [RFC6775] Shelby, Z., Chakrabarti, S., Nordmark, E., and C. Bormann,
"Neighbor Discovery Optimization for IPv6 over Low-Power "Neighbor Discovery Optimization for IPv6 over Low-Power
Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPANs)", RFC 6775, Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPANs)", RFC 6775,
November 2012. November 2012.
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Zach Shelby Zach Shelby
Sensinode ARM
Kidekuja 2 150 Rose Orchard
Vuokatti 88600 San Jose 95134
FINLAND FINLAND
Phone: +358407796297 Phone: +1-408-203-9434
Email: zach@sensinode.com Email: zach.shelby@arm.com
Srdjan Krco
Ericsson
Email: srdjan.krco@ericsson.com
Carsten Bormann Carsten Bormann
Universitaet Bremen TZI Universitaet Bremen TZI
Postfach 330440 Postfach 330440
Bremen D-28359 Bremen D-28359
Germany Germany
Phone: +49-421-218-63921 Phone: +49-421-218-63921
Email: cabo@tzi.org Email: cabo@tzi.org
Srdjan Krco
Ericsson
Phone:
Email: srdjan.krco@ericsson.com
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